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Class Information
Number: 434
Name: Education and demonstration >
Description: This is the generic class for apparatus and processes not elsewhere classifiable for: providing instruction about a subject or means; testing or grading a person’s knowledge, skill, discipline, or mental or physical ability; displaying for purpose of comparison contrast, or demonstration; demonstrating characteristics and advantages of apparatus, objects, or processes; and cryptography apparatus.










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
434/28

Aircraft wind drift simulation

10
434/262

Anatomy, physiology, therapeutic treatment, or surgery relating to human being

553
434/267

Anatomical representation

346
434/270

Head or part thereof

62
434/271

Eye

42
434/269

Including superposed sheets respectively depicting different body parts

14
434/272

Internal organ, blood vessel, or nerve

192
434/273

Female genital

42
434/268

Simulation of flow of body liquid

84
434/274

Skeleton or bone

97
434/275

Palpation or manual force application (e.g., chiropractic adjustment, etc.)

20
434/265

Cardiac massage or artificial respiration

107
434/263

Dentistry

116
434/264

Means mounting upper and lower tooth models for relative movement

30
434/266

Simulation of body sound

40
434/72

Architecture, interior decoration, or industrial plant layout

81
434/74

Brick, tile, roofing, or siding

14
434/75

Curtain or wall, ceiling, or floor cover

19
434/79

Building or room interior represented pictorially or by model

35
434/76

Light, mirror, or image projector included in display or demonstration

10
434/78

Plaque (e.g., disk, etc.) turnable relative to index (e.g., window in card, etc.) to selectively align different points on plaque therewith

6
434/77

Roller-mounted belt or strip included in display or demonstration

2
434/73

Magnet included in display or demonstration

20
434/80

Representation of furniture, bathroom or kitchen accessory, or cabinet placeable in different locations on representation of room interior

38
434/106

Astrology

26
434/308

Audio recording and visual means

261
434/318

Audio recording on disk

56
434/309

Common carrier for visual means and audio recording

65
434/311

Card, sheet, or block

34
434/312

Reading head moved past stationary audio track

5
434/313

Manually

5
434/310

Carrier used with image projector

9
434/314

Image projector

32
434/316

With code on audio carrier for controlling operation of apparatus

18
434/315

With code on image carrier for controlling operation of apparatus

10
434/317

Visual information in book form

221
434/319

Audio recording

114
434/320

Listener's voiced response recorded

29
434/321

Operation of apparatus controlled by listener's response to question or problem

50
434/107

Business or economics

93
434/110

Coin or currency identification or counterfeit detection

23
434/109

Record keeping

22
434/108

Work schedule

26
434/307R

Cathode ray screen display and audio means

450
434/307A

Karaoke

291
434/111

Celestial navigation

11
434/112

Communication aids for the handicapped

246
434/116

Converting information to sound

69
434/113

Tactile reading aid (e.g., braille, etc.)

168
434/115

Braille writing slate

30
434/114

Converting information to tactile output

180
434/117

Writing guide for the blind

22
434/118

Computer logic, operation, or programming instruction

488
434/432

Desk, table, or study booth

31
434/1

Detection or range determination of distant object by apparatus using sensor of electromagnetic or sound energy

32
434/2

Radar

86
434/3

Cathode ray screen display simulated by light means (e.g., light spot projected onto screen, etc.)

13
434/5

Interference simulation

10
434/4

Optical means (e.g., image projector, etc.) or light or sound sensor (e.g., television camera, microphone, etc.) included in a simulator

35
434/6

Sonar

27
434/7

Interference simulation

7
434/10

Simulation by use of sound recording

4
434/8

Simulation of doppler shift of echo

6
434/9

Simulation of plural detector system

10
434/126

Fluid flow or wave motion

39
434/127

Food

121
434/128

Game, board or table type

121
434/129

Using playing card

65
434/130

Geography

34
434/150

Map or terrain model

64
434/153

Means for facilitating location of different points on map

43
434/152

Relief

29
434/151

With model or sample of natural or man-made item associated therewith

19
434/149

Means indicating time at different points on earth

7
434/131

Terrestrial globe or accessory therefor

37
434/137

Collapsible or arranged for convenient assembly, disassembly, or storage

16
434/138

Inflatable

3
434/133

Having diverse use (e.g., pencil box, etc.)

7
434/134

Having magnet associated therewith

8
434/135

Having plural planar or curved surfaces (e.g., flat or frustoconical surfaces, etc.)

13
434/132

Relief globe

11
434/136

Rotated by mechanical drive

24
434/145

With internal light

18
434/147

With map segment attachable thereto (e.g., continent, nation, etc.)

20
434/143

With means demonstrating solar illumination of earth

12
434/144

With means demonstrating wind currents over earth

1
434/141

With means indicating distance between points on earth

6
434/142

With means indicating time at different points on earth

11
434/139

With means representing vehicle moving relative to earth

1
434/140

Space vehicle

1
434/146

With means to facilitate finding or reading indicia thereon

11
434/148

With suspension type support

1
434/154

History or genealogy

24
434/155

Identification of person or handwriting analysis

39
434/156

Language

312
434/159

Alphabet letter formation, recognition, or sequencing

134
434/161

Letter displayed upon manipulation of mechanism

10
434/160

Letter formed by segments

40
434/157

Foreign

227
434/158

Shorthand

3
434/185

Speech

248
434/167

Spelling, phonics, word recognition, or sentence formation

262
434/170

Color used in teaching means

67
434/177

Crossword puzzle aid

21
434/176

Display of word or picture upon correct manipulation of teaching means

44
434/169

Electrical component included in teaching means

297
434/171

Letter or word bearing elements (e.g., cards, blocks, etc.) with interfitting surface configurations

56
434/172

Letter-bearing elements (e.g., cards, blocks, etc.) selectively aligned to form word or sentence

118
434/173

Letter-bearing belt or reel-mounted strip

4
434/175

Letter-bearing elements slidable between different grooves

10
434/174

Rotatably mounted letter bearing element

28
434/168

Magnet included in teaching means

29
434/178

Reading

250
434/184

Directionality training (e.g., for dyslexics, etc.)

21
434/179

Speed

38
434/181

Apertured mask moved past reading matter carrier

14
434/183

Pacer moved down reading matter carrier

6
434/180

Projected image of reading matter

10
434/182

Reading matter carrier moved past viewing position

5
434/162

Writing or printing by hand

50
434/166

Mechanical means for teaching proper position of body part while writing

22
434/163

Tracing

16
434/164

Slotted or grooved path

19
434/165

Writing sample included in teaching means

13
434/186

Magnetic or gyro compass

5
434/188

Mathematics

152
434/191

Arithmetic

126
434/203

Apertured elements threaded on elongate means (e.g., abacus, etc.)

39
434/204

Elements manually placed on or removed from elongate means during use

10
434/208

Ball, block, or disk

70
434/192

Chalkboard or equivalent means having readily erasable surface

5
434/207

Color used in teaching means

53
434/209

Division or multiplication

91
434/201

Electric component included in teaching means

91
434/197

Indicia-bearing belt or reel-mounted strip

4
434/202

Keyboard or like manually manipulated array (e.g., slides, levers, etc.)

23
434/195

Manually manipulated elements having size proportional to numeric value

54
434/196

Fraction representing elements

15
434/193

Manually manipulated numeral shaped elements

18
434/200

Manually manipulated pin or peg

23
434/205

Means having number of marks (e.g., dots, etc.) or associated physical units (e.g., sticks, indentations, etc.) corresponding to numeric value

45
434/194

Numeric value represented by weight placed on balance

14
434/210

Place value relative to decimal point

12
434/198

Plaque (e.g., disk, etc.) turnable relative to index (e.g., window in card, etc.) to selectively align different points on plaque therewith

17
434/199

Plaque slidable relative to index (e.g., window in card, etc.) to selectively align different points on plaque therewith

13
434/206

Rotatable wheel-shaped element (e.g., ring, disc, cylinder, etc.) having indicia on perimeter thereof

20
434/189

Base conversion or use of base other than ten

21
434/211

Geometry, trigonometry, or physical mathematic model structure

84
434/216

Demonstration means using filament (e.g., string, etc.) to define geometric shape

9
434/215

Demonstration means using relatively turnable elements

15
434/214

Property of circle or ellipse

12
434/213

Property of sphere or spheroid

5
434/212

Pythagorean theorem

6
434/190

Magnet included in teaching means

17
434/365

Means for demonstrating apparatus, product, or surface configuration, or for displaying education material or student's work

382
434/372

Aircraft, spacecraft, or component thereof

20
434/427

Apertured mask placed over information bearing surface

11
434/377

Beauty aid or perfume

22
434/403

Block or like manually manipulatable object having indicia or picture on face thereof, or three-dimensional form for demonstrating shape

83
434/378

Burial means or grave maker

7
434/408

Chalkboard or equivalent means having easily erasable surface

136
434/425

Artificial slate formed of plural constituents

12
434/421

Attached to wall

14
434/417

Chalkboard cleaning means, chalk or eraser holder, or chalk dust receiver

25
434/411

Erasable surface on endless belt

13
434/412

Erasable surface on reel-mounted sheet

11
434/422

Hand-carried school slate

5
434/424

With cushion or noise muffler attached to slate frame

2
434/423

With rigid corner cap or separate means holding slate frame elements together

5
434/410

Mark formed by bonding sheet to underlying surface with pressure-applying stylus (e.g., magic slate, etc.)

44
434/409

Mark formed by magnetic attraction between materials (e.g., particles in sheet made visible by movement of magnet over sheet, etc.)

55
434/419

Pivotal about horizontal axis

8
434/413

Separate elements having erasable surfaces

12
434/414

Relatively swingable

10
434/420

Vertically adjustable

5
434/416

With chart, illustration, or indicia

28
434/415

With pencil holder or sharpener

24
434/418

With ruler, straight edge, or holder therefor

5
434/429

Demonstration or display means combined with storage or collection means (e.g., receptacle, scoop, etc.)

79
434/379

Demonstration or display of electrical apparatus or component

54
434/380

Motor or generator

14
434/430

Display panel, chart, or graph

124
434/431

Showing seat or desk location

6
434/426

Endless belt or reel-mounted strip having indicia thereon

35
434/381

Fluid filter

2
434/382

Household equipment

16
434/383

Refrigerator or air conditioner

3
434/384

Vacuum cleaner

0
434/385

Insulation

3
434/386

Jewelry or monogram

9
434/406

Jigsaw elements having indicia thereon

22
434/373

Land or water vehicle (e.g., automobile, boat, etc.) or component thereof

34
434/374

Servicing aid (e.g., lubrication chart, etc.)

5
434/375

Shock absorber or spring

2
434/376

Tire, wheel, or brake

8
434/387

Lock or safe

3
434/388

Lubricant or lubrication

3
434/401

Machine mechanism

20
434/407

Manually manipulated pin or peg inserted into display board

14
434/367

Means for comparing characteristics of plural articles or materials

37
434/369

Means for displaying article at various stages of manufacture or treatment

8
434/366

Means for simulating abnormal condition

29
434/389

Mechanical power source (e.g., engine, windmill, etc.)

14
434/390

Mining

2
434/371

Mirror for displaying something (e.g., apparel, hair style, etc.) as it would appear when associated with viewer

25
434/391

Pen or pencil

2
434/428

Pictorial demonstration or display

80
434/404

Plaque (e.g., disk, etc.) turnable relative to index (e.g., window in card, etc.) to selectively align different points on plaque therewith

49
434/405

Plaque slidable relative to index (e.g., window in card, etc.) to selectively align different points on plaque therewith

25
434/402

Rotatable element having indicia or picture on perimeter thereof

27
434/392

Sport equipment

10
434/368

Superposed indicia bearing sheets, one depicting interior view

12
434/394

Timepiece or component thereof

4
434/393

Toy

31
434/370

Transparent means permitting interior view

33
434/395

Wearing apparel

28
434/396

Displayed on doll or manikin

12
434/397

Footwear

4
434/398

Hose

0
434/399

Headwear

3
434/400

Neckwear

4
434/187

Measurement of length or volume

20
434/217

Meteorology

6
434/433

Miscellaneous

74
434/218

Nuclear energy or radioactive radiation detection or simulation

45
434/219

Occupation

287
434/220

Air traffic control

6
434/221

Audiometry

1
434/222

Code communication

10
434/223

Visual signalling

5
434/225

Dairying, farming, ranching, or other occupation involving care of plants or animals

10
434/224

Electricity or electronics

74
434/226

Fire fighting

101
434/227

Keyboard operation (e.g., typing, key punching, etc.)

66
434/228

Means for selectively illuminating character on simulated keyboard

5
434/230

Means for selectively producing sound of character

0
434/229

Means for selectively rendering key operable or inoperable

10
434/233

Means on hand or finger for indicating finger to be used

16
434/231

Practice keyboard having individually depressible keys

6
434/232

With means to display character upon depression of key

7
434/234

Soldering or welding

21
434/11

Organized armed or unarmed conflict or shooting

207
434/14

Aerial warfare

41
434/15

Bombing

12
434/16

Gunnery

150
434/19

Gun aiming

121
434/20

Cinematographic or cathode ray screen display

96
434/23

Means (e.g., target, terrain model, etc.) marked or pierced to simulate projectile impact point

30
434/21

Training apparatus using beam of infrared, visible light, or ultraviolet radiation

167
434/22

Beam sensor included in apparatus

179
434/24

Gun loading or projectile preparation (e.g., fuse setting, etc.)

15
434/18

Gun recoil simulation

52
434/17

Gunfire spotting

18
434/27

Range finding

22
434/12

Self-propelled projectile

39
434/13

Launched underwater

6
434/25

Water warfare

7
434/26

Periscope view simulation

4
434/235

Parliamentary procedure

6
434/247

Physical education

492
434/248

Basketball

31
434/256

Body model with articulated parts

18
434/249

Bowling

23
434/250

Dancing

42
434/258

Developing or testing coordination

242
434/259

Associating dissimilar objects with apertures or pegs having matching size, shape, or color

74
434/260

Manipulation of tool or fastener (e.g., zipper, shoelaces, etc.)

68
434/261

Tracing

11
434/251

Football, soccer, or rugby

45
434/252

Golf

222
434/257

Picture or image of body included in display or demonstration

42
434/253

Skiing

101
434/254

Swimming

110
434/255

Traversing ground (e.g., crawling, running, etc.)

89
434/236

Psychology

545
434/238

Behavior or performance display (e.g., board for showing completed chores, etc.)

156
434/237

Cooperation of plural pupils

54
434/322

Question or problem eliciting response

660
434/363

Card or sheet for receiving examinee's written, marked, or punched response

45
434/364

With apertured overlay

9
434/323

Cathode ray screen display included in examining means

495
434/327

Correctness of response indicated to examine by self-operating or examinee actuated means

135
434/335

By means including electrical component

172
434/344

Correct answer illuminated

9
434/337

Light detector

16
434/339

Part of electric circuit completed when examinee depresses portion of sheet having electric conductor associated therewith

28
434/338

Part of electric circuit completed when examinee places end of flexible lead, or means connected thereto (e.g., plug, etc.), in contact with another element

27
434/340

Part of electric circuit completed when examinee places free element in contact with another element

25
434/341

Correct answer indicator lamp carried by free element

8
434/342

Question or problem located on endless belt or reel mounted strip

4
434/336

Response of plural examinees communicated to monitor or recorder by electrical signals

69
434/343

Size or shape of, or aperture in, free element controls indication of response correctness

11
434/331

By optical element (e.g., mirror, color filter, lens, etc.)

17
434/347

Correct answer displayed on side of element opposite side displaying question or problem

25
434/348

Correct answer hidden until examinee moves element

44
434/349

Means for receiving examinee's written response

12
434/346

Correctness of response indicated when examinee physically alters element other than by marking it

29
434/334

Hand-held element insertable to different depths in apertures respectively representing right and wrong answers

9
434/329

Involving fluid flow

1
434/328

Involving heat or chemical reaction

24
434/330

Involving magnetic attraction

13
434/333

Picture or pattern completed by examinee placing plaques bearing portions thereof in correct relation

16
434/332

Reward dispensed for correct answer

20
434/345

Size or shape of, or aperture in, free element cntrols indication of response correctness

19
434/362

Electrical means for recording examinee's response

479
434/353

Grading of response form

178
434/354

Comparison of response form with standard answer form

49
434/356

Electrical means sensing conductive mark representing response

10
434/355

Light detector sensing response

12
434/357

Means sensing aperture representing response

2
434/359

Electrical means sensing conductive mark representing response

14
434/358

Light detector sensing response

35
434/361

Means perforating response form at correct answer location

1
434/360

Means sensing aperture representing response

0
434/324

Image projector included in examining means

19
434/325

And light detector

13
434/326

Mark transfer sheet (e.g., carbon paper, etc.) included in examining means

10
434/350

Response of plural examinees communicated to monitor or recorder by electrical signals

594
434/351

Wireless signals

40
434/352

With means for indicating first examinee to respond

21
434/239

Radio navigation

7
434/240

Light sensor included in simulator of radio navigation equipment

1
434/243

Simulated bearing or position or vehicle relative to radio transmitter or directional beam indicated to trainee by instrument

13
434/242

Simulated radio signal generated by use of data storage means

8
434/244

Simulation of radio directional beam carrying morse code signal

1
434/241

Simulation of upwardly directed airfield or landing approach marker radio beam

2
434/245

Religion

32
434/246

Rosary

14
434/276

Science

62
434/284

Astronomy

42
434/285

Representation of light generating celestial body

18
434/287

Celestial globe

14
434/288

And earth representation

4
434/289

Finding or identifying aid

18
434/286

Light spot

36
434/290

Simulation of sun and earth

4
434/292

And moon

10
434/293

Moon model moved around earth model by mechanical or electrical means

3
434/294

By belt drive

0
434/291

Simulation of motion of earth and another major planet around sun

13
434/295

Biology or taxidermy

53
434/296

Specimen display

56
434/297

Specimen enclosure

10
434/298

Chemistry or metallurgy

28
434/277

Crystal structure model or display having discrete element (e.g., geometric shape, light, etc.) representing atom

10
434/299

Geology

13
434/283

Means demonstrating physical property (e.g., osmotic pressure, solubility, etc.) of substance

17
434/281

Model or display demonstrating structure or property of atom or radical

15
434/282

Indicia chart (e.g., periodic table, etc.)

9
434/278

Molecular model or display having discrete element representing atom or radical

48
434/280

Atom or radical represented by element formed of sheet material

3
434/279

Model having helical chain of elements (e.g., dna model, etc.)

12
434/300

Physics

52
434/301

Electricity or magnetism

35
434/303

Optics

14
434/302

Statics or dynamics

42
434/304

Telling time or calendar reading

72
434/305

Vehicle movement or traffic accident or condition

19
434/29

Vehicle operator instruction or testing

199
434/62

Automobile or truck

115
434/64

Driver's skill measured by time or vehicle travel distance

19
434/71

Manipulation of gear shift lever or clutch pedal

30
434/63

Model viewed and maneuvered by trainee from point remote therefrom

18
434/66

Real vehicle used in instruction or testing

32
434/68

Obstacle or other means contacted by improperly driven vehicle

6
434/67

Vehicle positioned on rollers, belt, or platform

22
434/65

Recordation of driver's performance

39
434/69

Simulation of view from vehicle

110
434/70

View simulating means located on belt or cylinder

8
434/61

Bicycle or motorcycle

97
434/30

Flight vehicle

112
434/49

Aircraft or ambient condition simulated electrically or indicated by instrument or alarm

21
434/51

Aircraft attitude (e.g., roll, etc.)

13
434/52

Ice formation or aircraft weight

0
434/53

Pressure

2
434/54

Propulsion means or accessory

4
434/50

Takeoff or preparation therefor

4
434/48

Aircraft sound simulation

7
434/37

Aircraft, aircraft simulator, or means connected thereto traveling on ground or water during simulated flight training

28
434/31

Automatic pilot

7
434/47

Display or recordation of simulated flight path of ground trainer

3
434/46

Ground trainer agitated to simulate rough air buffeting or engine induced vibration of aircraft

14
434/33

Helicopter

28
434/35

In flight

47
434/36

With simulation of night or reduced visibility flight

25
434/32

Model viewed and maneuvered by trainee from point remote therefrom

23
434/34

Outer space vehicle

41
434/45

Simulation of feel of control means (e.g., flight control stick, etc.)

81
434/59

Simulation of flight generated force applied to aircraft occupant

48
434/38

Simulation of view from aircraft

86
434/41

Simulation of night or reduced visibility flight

16
434/42

Runway outlining or approach lights simulated

18
434/43

View simulated by cathode ray screen display

171
434/44

View simulated by projected image

130
434/39

View simulating means located on belt or cylinder

1
434/40

View simulating means located on element having spherical surface

28
434/55

Tiltable or turnable ground trainer

154
434/58

By fluid actuated piston/cylinder ram

53
434/56

With fan or simulated propeller

3
434/57

With means for stabilizing trainer when idle

7
434/60

Sail-equipped vehicle

19
434/81

Visual art or craft, artistic adornment, or color training or demonstration

138
434/84

Color application (e.g., painting, etc.)

129
434/98

Color display

96
434/105

Automobile

4
434/103

Including mixing receptacle or holder for color material

13
434/104

Including relatively rotatable elements (e.g., concentrically mounted color disks, etc.)

23
434/99

Personal appearance or wearing apparel

42
434/100

Cosmetic or nail polish

68
434/101

Produced by spinning means (e.g., plural rotating color disks, etc.)

10
434/102

Produced by superposed color filters

13
434/95

Decorative sewing, needlework, weaving, or textile designing

48
434/96

Design formed of identical or complementary elements

68
434/97

Strips

10
434/85

Drawing

77
434/86

Animal or human body model having movable parts

10
434/90

Grid included in drawing aid or scene viewer

19
434/89

Model support

4
434/92

Orthogonal projection

6
434/91

Perspective

13
434/87

Stencil

40
434/88

Tracing

66
434/93

Flower arranging or landscaping

10
434/94

Hair or wig styling

46
434/82

Sculpture or craft involving manual carving or shaping

52
434/83

Shape defined by filament (e.g., string, etc.)

18
434/306

Voting machine or ballot marking

13
 
 
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