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Class Information
Number: 431
Name: Combustion >
Description: This is the residual class for processes of combustion or combustion starting, and for apparatus peculiarly adapted to burn or ignite materials.










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
431/349

Adjunctive, relatively low velocity, flame maintaining fuel passage

73
431/127

Burner assembly includes igniter element and removable hand manipulatable torch

15
431/128

Electrical igniter

12
431/144

Burner cap, cover or extinguisher

47
431/145

Fluid

15
431/146

Movably or removably mounted cover for flame holder

39
431/149

And distinct snuffer within cover

5
431/151

And windshield within covered zone

15
431/148

Connected to lamp chimney or its support

2
431/147

Cover bars oxidizer from catalyst

5
431/150

Cover operatively interconnected with feed controller or feed pump

26
431/152

Pivotally mounted

33
431/258

Burner having electrical heater or igniter

108
431/260

Adjacent exposed liquid fuel surface on fuel support

14
431/261

Capillary fuel holder

25
431/262

Resistance type heater or igniter

39
431/259

Igniter and separate heater

14
431/263

Igniter in shelter chamber

97
431/264

Spark electrode in front of or adjacent fuel discharger

212
431/265

Gun type burner with electrode supported in air blast conduit

85
431/266

Spark circuit includes feed terminus

149
431/129

Burner head cover operatively interrelated with igniter

24
431/134

Actuation of ignition member releases biased open cover

2
431/138

Common axis for cover and abrasive wheel

0
431/139

Actuator (e.g., finger piece) engaged with cover for relative movement

1
431/140

Gear drive between cover and actuator

2
431/137

Cover actuator cocks and releases abrasive member drive

0
431/135

Cover, latched closed, biased open; igniter actuated on release

3
431/136

Abrasive wheel moves with cover about a common axis

1
431/132

Electrical igniter

35
431/130

Interconnected with valve in fuel feed passage

23
431/131

By movably mounted burner nozzle

28
431/141

One way drive means between cover and abrasive wheel

0
431/133

Solid ignition charge dispenser and striker

3
431/142

Burner head or igniter removably secured to fuel tank by encircling frame or casing

31
431/143

Burner head on tank and igniter on frame or casing

27
431/191

Burner ignited by flash flame through conduit

20
431/192

Conduit feed means spaced from ignited burner

6
431/193

Unique burner manifold orifice feeds conduit

4
431/194

Nipple forms orifice and anchors conduit

1
431/288

Candle, e.g., taper, etc.

209
431/289

Having structure additional to wax and wick

199
431/297

Candle mounting attachment for socket type support

29
431/291

Fuel body totally within casing, e.g., vigil light, etc.

149
431/290

Height adjuster or maintained flame level

30
431/295

Holder for plural candles

48
431/296

Hook, clamp or spike supported candle holder

28
431/292

Melt handler or receiver

47
431/294

Drained or openwork candle grip mounted on melt receiver

14
431/293

Follower cap

9
431/253

Combined

176
431/1

Combustion bursts or flare-ups in pulses or serial pattern

326
431/115

Combustion products return structure

210
431/116

Recirculation about mixing or combustion chamber wall or baffle

184
431/156

Convertible

14
431/153

Correlation of fuel or power supply with component movements in a disabling and enabling sequence

428
431/286

Discrete means transmitting flame between separate flame holding sections

52
431/330

Drip, trickler, or shelf-to-shelf type burner

6
431/254

Electrical or mechanical igniter correlated with burner feed

101
431/255

Having electric current producer

420
431/256

Switch or electrode of igniter moved by valve element or operator

69
431/257

Make and break electrode moved

4
431/298

Fibrous wick type flame holder

57
431/325

Coated, impregnated, layered, coupled or reinforced wick

68
431/315

Having adjustable wick exposure, position, or porosity setting structure

16
431/316

Rotatable projection means engages wick

2
431/318

Opposed rotatable wick engaging means

0
431/317

Transmission mechanism rotates means

9
431/310

Having air or flame director, air distributor, or windguard

15
431/314

Air annulus leads to flame zone

10
431/313

Director passageways leading to flame zone

6
431/312

Director passageways, each surrounding wick or flame zone

13
431/311

Transparent director surrounding wick support or guide

9
431/319

Having distinct fuel line between reservoir and wick guide or support means

9
431/299

Having feeder or holder for disparate fluid

3
431/320

Liquid fuel container carries wick guide or support

104
431/324

Detachable closure securing guide to container

31
431/323

Having absorbing, baffling or additional wick supporting structure in container

21
431/321

Having distinct container filling or venting structure

31
431/322

Means supporting displaced wick guide or support on fuel container

13
431/300

Means forcing air into flame area

6
431/302

Tubular wick having central supporting and air supplying structure

15
431/309

Having air guide or distributor

15
431/303

Having lateral air inlet passage through wick

2
431/304

Having wick raiser

25
431/307

Rack and pinion

16
431/308

Reciprocated bar

1
431/306

Rotatable threaded rod and follower

1
431/305

Screw thread on wick carrier

1
431/301

Wick movement limiting structure

8
431/344

Flame holder and fuel tank assembly

394
431/345

Flame holder having attached handle

91
431/350

Flame holder having protective flame enclosing or flame stabilizing structure

346
431/351

Including means feeding air axially spaced points of the flame

290
431/352

Axial perforations along combustion tube

198
431/353

Tubular member delineates flame

366
431/203

Flame holder mounted on heated single charge fuel tank

8
431/204

Fuel jet from heated tank traverses wick burner

0
431/206

Having heat conductor between spaced flame holder and tank

11
431/205

Priming cup heats tank

1
431/346

Flash-back controlling or preventing structure

143
431/267

Frictional, chemical or percussive type igniter

23
431/269

Cap, match or pellet igniting charge holding and firing means

15
431/270

Externally accessible operator fires charge within flame enclosure

2
431/271

Plural charge holder with presenting structure

2
431/272

Serially connected charges

0
431/268

Catalytic

110
431/273

Spark projecter, e.g., flint and abrasive striker, etc.

30
431/276

Advancing type flint holder

49
431/274

Mechanical movement operated abrasive member

37
431/275

Stored energy actuated; detent, latch or overcenter release

4
431/277

Mounted on fuel tank adjacent flame holder

203
431/159

Fuel disperser installed in furnace

91
431/189

Disperser adjustably mounted for movement relative to furnace wall opening

72
431/160

Disperser cooled by fluid additional to furnace feed

107
431/170

Disperser feeds into permeable mass, e.g., checkerwork, etc.

364
431/173

Feed projected tangential to wall of circular combustion chamber

143
431/161

Furnace heated feed line section

28
431/162

Distinct sections feeding disparate fluids to furnace

14
431/164

Section feeds oxidizer through furnace wall opening spaced from that for disperser

15
431/165

Oxidizer fed at spaced points along combustion path

28
431/166

Section feeds oxidizer to disperser or through disperser furnace wall opening

30
431/167

Section is furnace wall cavity leading to disperser

23
431/163

Section feeds steam to disperser

21
431/181

Plural feed means extending to common wall opening of furnace

204
431/182

Duct with air whirling means surrounds disperser

146
431/183

Row of stationary blades coaxial with disperser whirls air

181
431/184

Pivotally adjustable blades

38
431/185

Feed whirling means at wall

100
431/187

Feeds discharged coaxially

353
431/188

Air chamber with inlet control surrounds disperser at wall

97
431/186

Shiftably mounted disperser; or flame shaper

91
431/168

Rotary disperser projects at surrounding flange surface

43
431/169

Mixing ring or group of deflectors overhangs flange surface

2
431/174

Spaced fuel dispersing orifices within furnace

121
431/177

Annular arrangement with fuel directed on surrounding combustion chamber wall

60
431/175

Intersecting fuel streams

85
431/176

Opposed rows of streams of radially directed streams in a common plane

10
431/180

Row across combustion chamber

19
431/178

Row with parallel discharge through combustion chamber wall

37
431/179

Longitudinally adjacent rows

16
431/190

Water, air or steam feeder spaced from disperser

132
431/171

With discrete flame directing baffle

67
431/172

Baffle means forms flame ring around combustion chamber

16
431/195

Fuel distributor underlying combustion annulus having air feeding perforations

10
431/197

Annulus movably mounted for access to distributor

1
431/200

Coaxial combustion chambers with intermediate air space

11
431/198

Distributor annulus feeds combustion annulus through coaxial throat or row of orifices

11
431/199

Distributor receives heated fuel from annulus heated line section

4
431/201

Structure surrounding annulus guides combustion air to perforations

24
431/196

With pilot burner, primer, or electric combustion starter

7
431/287

Having combustion starting assistant

9
431/207

Heated line section feeds flame holder

62
431/213

Air from section discharged downwardly toward fuel surface

2
431/214

Fuel surface is film descending from elevated structure

4
431/230

Auxiliary burner heats wick within heated section

1
431/218

Basin for burning liquid fuel heats feed line section

6
431/222

Basin receives fuel from terminus of heated fuel line

2
431/227

Basin encompasses vertical heated line section

1
431/229

Elongated basin parallel to fuel line

0
431/228

Line passes through basin to surrounding, descending discharge structure

3
431/225

Basin mounted on valve housing

1
431/226

Heated fuel drum above basin

1
431/224

Horizontally extending cavity of basin forms heated section

0
431/223

With selective deflector directing fuel to basin

0
431/219

Heated line feeds steam to fuel basin area

1
431/220

Separate basin and flame holder fuel lines

5
431/221

Valved branch of flame holder feed line feeds basin

0
431/244

Discrete jet section of flame holder heats its fuel line

3
431/215

Distinct exhaust products line heats feed line

202
431/208

Electrically heated section

165
431/243

Flame enclosure comprises, or conducts heat to heated section

77
431/247

Fuel conduit within flame or combustion products zone

56
431/248

Distinct baffle directs flame at or around conduit

15
431/231

Fuel container having means feeding gas to a separate line heating burner and liquid to heated section

6
431/233

Heated line supplies its heater and an external structure, e.g., flame holder

5
431/235

Heated line supplies generated gas to main of distributing system

0
431/234

One of a group of similar burners heats section

1
431/210

Heated section supplied by separate diverse feeds, e.g., water and fuel, etc.

37
431/211

One feed heated before being fed to section

25
431/212

Another feed heated before being fed to section

5
431/242

Housing encloses heated section and flame area

51
431/240

Insert in heated fuel line, e.g., packing, etc.

10
431/241

Lifts fuel from tank to heated section by capillary action

9
431/216

Lines for diverse feeds heated

6
431/217

With mixing upstream of combustion zone

16
431/209

Section and its heat source mounted for relative movement, e.g., to vary thermal effect, etc.

4
431/236

Section heated by auxiliary burner

10
431/237

Main fuel line branch feeds auxiliary burner

4
431/232

Section heated by distinct flame holders, one fed by heated section

6
431/238

Unheated fuel supply to flame holder

9
431/239

Heated feed aspirates or atomizes fuel

10
431/245

Unheated oxidizer supply to line between heated section and feed discharger

2
431/246

Feed discharger wall cavity forms heated section

5
431/357

Illuminating flash device, e.g., photographic bulb, etc.

13
431/365

Electrical means ignites charge

18
431/358

Fuel charge within sealed transparent casing, e.g., bulb

19
431/360

Coated casing

26
431/362

Electrically ignited primer ignites charge

57
431/361

Percussive ignition means ignites charge

28
431/359

Plurality of bulbs associated for sequential ignition

132
431/363

Having fuel charge feeding means

2
431/364

Having protective shield

1
431/100

Incandescent mantle

55
431/109

Depends below downwardly facing fuel discharger

5
431/108

Distinct means increases pressure at mantle

1
431/103

Heated feed line section

7
431/106

Above upwardly fed mantle

0
431/104

Discrete flame holder heats section, e.g., auxiliary jet, etc.

5
431/107

Heated by downwardly fed mantle

11
431/105

Within mantle

0
431/101

Resiliently supported

4
431/110

Supported above upwardly facing fuel discharger

11
431/111

Supporting or protecting means external of mantle

7
431/112

Extending within mantle

4
431/113

On upwardly opening mantle

4
431/102

Wick feeds vapor to mantle

1
431/347

Incandescing or reflecting component, e.g., reigniting hot spot, etc.

100
431/348

Flame sweeps dished incandescing surface

46
431/99

Magnesium strip

5
431/157

Means at chamber outlet establishing combustion pressure distinct from ambient

18
431/158

Chamber outlet forms jet nozzle

155
431/356

Miscellaneous

26
431/354

Mixer and flame holder

676
431/355

Bunsen burner type

41
431/326

Porous, capillary, particulate or sievelike flame holder, e.g., radiant surface burner, etc.

212
431/327

Capillary mass having handle

8
431/328

Means supplying fuel for passage through the flame holding structure, e.g., radiant surface burner

531
431/329

Woven screen holds flame

146
431/331

Pot type burner

15
431/332

Having feeder or holder for disparate fluid

3
431/333

Having means for continuously feeding fuel

17
431/335

Air feed passage through bottom of pot

11
431/338

Having baffling means within pot confines

8
431/339

Forms separate zones of combustion at fuel surface

4
431/340

Horizontally extending partition having central passage

10
431/336

Ring structure at pot outlet forms central vertical discharge throat

4
431/337

Structure includes radial air feed passages discharging at throat

6
431/334

With pot or fuel reservoir elevating means

2
431/341

Including exhaust flue having air feed passages

13
431/342

And baffling means within pot

7
431/2

Process of combustion or burner operation

377
431/5

Burning waste gas, e.g., furnace gas, etc.

430
431/12

Controlling or proportioning feed

629
431/3

Decarbonizing, cleaning or purging

107
431/4

Feeding flame modifying additive

299
431/8

Flame shaping, or distributing components in combustion zone

501
431/10

Oxidizer added to region of incomplete combustion

435
431/9

Whirling, recycling material, or reversing flow in an enclosed flame zone

399
431/11

Heating feed

274
431/7

In a porous body or bed, e.g., surface combustion, etc.

476
431/6

Starting or shutdown procedure

177
431/91

Projector and igniter for liquid or gelled fuel slug or rod, e.g., flame thrower, etc.

11
431/278

Separately supplied or controlled, physically related flame holders, e.g., diverse fuels, pilot and main, etc.

198
431/282

Adjustable wick

4
431/280

By multiway valve

42
431/284

Coaxial

311
431/281

Correlated controls

52
431/285

Having common flame chamber or shield means

184
431/279

Relatively movable

6
431/283

Three mounted in cross igniting relationship

14
431/202

Structural installation

281
431/18

Timer, programmer, retarder or condition responsive control

192
431/28

Actuation sequence of electric feed heater and feed flow controller or igniter

28
431/21

By combustion destructible element, e.g., fusible plug, etc.

26
431/75

By combustion or combustion zone sensor

196
431/76

Combustion product composition sensor

216
431/77

Of shutdown by response to sensed combustion failure or overheat

44
431/78

By electrical control circuit

161
431/79

Photoelectric sensor

159
431/80

Thermoelectric generator sensor

119
431/81

Manual setting means for biased valve released upon sensed combustion

7
431/83

Sensor movement losses means holding shutdown valve open against bias

8
431/84

Held by latch, latch released by sensor

4
431/85

Expanding fluid sensor

5
431/82

With fuel feed means downstream of shutdown valve

4
431/89

By condition of burner feed or feed means

152
431/90

Sensor of one feed controls another feed

189
431/86

By manually started timer or retarder, or by time of day device

29
431/87

Of combustion initiating means, e.g., match striker, etc.

5
431/22

By sensing of gas leakage, flashback or escaped flame

89
431/88

By tilting, jarring, or mechanical damage

26
431/29

Control of purger, of scavenger or of combustion start-up delay period

55
431/30

Of scavenging or purging pump

15
431/31

Scavenging or purging period started by combustion demand

53
431/65

Fuel feed cut off by collected fuel over-flow

5
431/67

Igniter heat up and fuel feed sequence controlled by timer or retarder

34
431/64

Level responsive means controls fuel level in wick pot or pot type burner

5
431/32

Of cleaning means

19
431/62

Of diverse feed or feed rate in starting, e.g., enriching fuel mixture in starting, etc.

51
431/63

Combustion sensor establishes "run" feed

20
431/33

Of extinguishing means

57
431/35

By candle length or fuel quantity

30
431/34

Wick cover actuated in response to tilting of burner

14
431/72

Of igniter and feed controlled sequence

48
431/73

By timer or retarder

47
431/74

Combustion zone sensor controls igniter

60
431/23

Of means protecting burner component from combustion heat

7
431/36

Of or by burner feed supply heating structure

21
431/37

By controlling admittance of feed to structure

35
431/39

By level of liquid feed in structure

4
431/40

By linear expansion of feed holder

3
431/38

By pressure of feed in structure

15
431/41

Supply of heat to heating structure controlled

23
431/20

Of or by exhaust damper or exhaust pump

155
431/60

Of sequential operation of plural burners, e.g., pilot and main, etc.

54
431/61

By fuel feed pressure variation

14
431/27

Providing repeated start attempts prior to shutdown upon failure to establish combustion

33
431/19

Responsive to combustion chamber pressure

79
431/68

Sensing of hot combustion zone condition blocks restart attempt

6
431/66

Sensor of electrical condition or temperature of electrical igniter controls fuel feed

101
431/42

Sensor of first burner controls second burner, e.g., pilot and main, etc.

38
431/49

And an igniting burner for first burner

2
431/51

Both burners cut off upon sensed extinguishment of first burner

29
431/52

First burner manual reset valve cut off

7
431/55

Burners independently controlled by reset valves

2
431/53

Single valve cuts off branched flow

15
431/54

Reset includes structure preventing feed to second burner prior to sensed combustion at first burner

34
431/56

Having cut-off valve by-pass or additional supply to first burner

3
431/59

Electrical or magnetic sensor controls second burner

31
431/57

Manual reset of second burner required upon first burner extinguishment

3
431/50

Sensing of flame at both burners required for continued operation of second burner

3
431/58

Sensor controls diaphragm motor of second burner valve

18
431/48

Sensor of second burner controls third burner

7
431/43

With electrical igniter

29
431/46

Igniter deenergization responsive to first burner ignition

88
431/44

Igniter deenergized by fuel pressure variation in start effort

6
431/45

Igniter deenergized by timer, programmer or retarder

21
431/47

With manual igniter actuation

11
431/69

Shutdown by sensed absence of flame in proving period

61
431/71

Igniter cut off when flame establishment proved

58
431/70

Recycle through proving period on sensing of failure of established flame

31
431/24

With test circuit checking or analyzing flame sensing circuit for malfunction

88
431/26

Test circuit activated, then inactivated in starting

24
431/25

Utilizing unidirectional electrical conducting effect of flame

92
431/252

With adjunctive means to extend or deflect flame by air blast or aspiration

19
431/121

With apparatus cleaning, purging or scavenging means

54
431/122

Scraping or clearing member

12
431/123

Feed orifice penetrating

21
431/119

With drip or leakage collector

14
431/117

With external drain for surplus liquid fuel discharged into vaporization or combustion zone

16
431/118

Drained collecting basin spaced from zone

10
431/249

With feature for access to or exposure of flame holder

6
431/251

Enclosure movably mounted for access

5
431/250

With match scratching surface within enclosure

1
431/13

With indicator or inspection means

95
431/17

Burner component position indicator

4
431/14

Correlated with action of condition responsive burner control

56
431/15

Shutdown or aborted start attempt indicated

27
431/16

Responsive to gas leakage, overflow, abnormal pressure or electrical component malfunction

54
431/114

With means attenuating sound or pulsation

157
431/126

With ornamentation or flame coloring additive

128
431/154

With repair, assembly or disassembly adjunct

69
431/155

Slide or roller

8
431/124

With reserve flint holder

8
431/125

With simulation feature

205
431/343

With supporting bracket, leg, hook, strap or clip

96
431/120

With wick trimming, treating, inserting, or removing means

29
 
 
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