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Class Information
Number: 427
Name: Coating processes >
Description: A. This is the generic class for applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material.










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
427/209

Application to opposite sides of sheet, web, or strip (excluding processes where all coating is by immersion)

449
427/210

Nonuniform coating

106
427/211

Roller applicator utilized

177
427/402

Applying superposed diverse coating or coating a coated base

991
427/415

Cellulosic coating

72
427/404

Metal coating

1000
427/405

Metal base

647
427/406

Zinc coating

133
427/419.1

Metallic compound-containing coating

579
427/419.7

Boride, carbide, nitride, phosphide, silicide, or sulfide-containing coating

480
427/419.8

Organometallic or metal salt of organic compound-containing coating

178
427/419.2

Oxide-containing coating

948
427/419.5

Organic coating

176
427/419.3

Superposed diverse oxide coatings

469
427/419.4

Vitreous coating

75
427/419.6

Vitreous coating

63
427/417

Natural resin, oil, or fat containing

88
427/418

Metallic compound-containing coating

39
427/413

Natural rubber or derivative containing coating

65
427/414

Protein or derivative containing coating (e.g., casein, glue, gelatin, etc.)

138
427/403

Settable inorganic coating (e.g., cement, etc.)

204
427/407.1

Synthetic resin coating

2011
427/407.2

Glass base

351
427/407.3

Fiberglass base

183
427/409

Metal base

1209
427/410

Epoxy or polyepoxide containing coating

387
427/412.1

Nonfibrous organic base

568
427/412.2

Cellulose derivative base

60
427/412.4

Halogen-containing resin base

97
427/412.5

Polyester or alkyd resin base

209
427/412.3

Polyolefin base

192
427/411

Paper base

363
427/412

Textile or leather base

403
427/408

Wood base

207
427/416

Wax containing coating

103
427/399

Base supplied constituent

327
427/400

Resin or rubber base

141
427/1

Body member printing (e.g., fingerprinting, etc.)

119
427/429

Brush or absorbent applicator utilized

373
427/240

Centrifugal force utilized

1010
427/241

Metal coating

69
427/900

Chemical vapor infiltration (i.e., cvi)

49
427/248.1

Coating by vapor, gas, or smoke

2136
 

Coating by vapor, gas, or smoke

 
427/255.11

Base includes an inorganic compound containing silicon or metal (e.g., glass, ceramic, brick, etc.)

212
427/255.21

Base includes inorganic metal containing compound

134
427/255.22

Iron compound containing base (e.g., ferric oxide, etc.)

12
427/255.12

Chemical vapor infiltration (i.e., cvi) of porous base (e.g., fiber, fibrous web etc.)

77
427/255.13

Glaze coating produced

18
427/255.19

Metal oxide containing coating

307
427/255.14

Organic compound containing coating

106
427/255.15

Plural coatings applied utilizing vapor, gas, or smoke

144
427/255.18

Silicon containing coating

358
427/255.17

Halogen containing coating, reactant, or precursor

69
427/255.4

Base supplied constituent

295
427/249.1

Carbon or carbide coating

424
427/249.5

Boron and carbon containing coating (e.g., boron carbide, etc.)

66
427/249.2

Chemical vapor infiltration (i.e., cvi) of porous base (e.g., fiber, fibrous web, etc.)

105
427/249.8

Diamond coating

205
427/249.12

Diamond seed crystals utilized

32
427/249.11

Hot filament utilized

51
427/249.9

Patterned or non-uniform coating

21
427/249.14

Superposed coatings (i.e., layered)

53
427/249.13

Tungsten containing base

18
427/249.7

Diamond-like carbon coating (i.e., dlc)

226
427/249.3

Fiber or fibrous web or sheet base (e.g., strand, filament, fabric, cloth, etc.)

115
427/249.4

Inorganic carbon base (e.g., graphite, etc.)

88
427/249.6

Graphite coating

66
427/249.17

Metal carbide containing coating

128
427/249.18

Chromium (cr), molybdenum (mo), or tungsten (w) metal carbide containing coating

64
427/249.19

Titanium (ti), zirconnium (zr), or hafnium (hf) metal carbide containing coating

119
427/249.15

Silicon and carbon containing coating (e.g., silicon carbide, etc.)

259
427/249.16

Inorganic carbon base (e.g., graphite, etc.)

28
427/250

Metal coating

1387
427/252

By decomposing metallic compound (e.g., pack process, etc.)

497
427/253

Halogen containing compound

384
427/251

Moving the base

213
427/255.23

Mixture of vapors or gases (e.g., deposition gas and inert gas, inert gas and reactive gas, two or more reactive gases, etc.) utilized

389
427/255.26

Coating formed by reaction of vaporous or gaseous mixture with a base (i.e., reactive coating of non-metal base)

134
427/255.27

Silicon containing coating

129
427/255.28

Coating formed from vaporous or gaseous phase reaction mixture (e.g., chemical vapor deposition, cvd, etc.)

668
427/255.39

Halogen or halogen compound containing reactant

222
427/255.393

Silicon containing coating

223
427/255.391

Titanium compound containing coating (e.g., titanium carbonitride, titanium nitride, etc.)

156
427/255.392

Tungsten compound containing coating (e.g., tungsten silicide, etc.)

79
427/255.29

Inorganic oxygen, sulfur, selenium, or tellurium (i.e., chalcogen) containing coating (e.g., phosphosilicate, silicon oxynitride, etc.)

268
427/255.31

Metal and chalcogen containing coating (e.g., metal oxide, metal sulfide, metal telluride, etc.)

466
427/255.34

Gallium (ga), aluminum (al), or indium (in) containing

134
427/255.35

Germanium (ge), tin (sn), or lead (pb) containing

106
427/255.32

Plural metal containing coating (e.g., indium oxide/tin oxide, titanium oxide/aluminum oxide, etc.)

310
427/255.36

Titanium (ti) or zirconium (zr) containing

195
427/255.33

Zinc (zn), cadmium (cd), or mercury (hg), containing

79
427/255.37

Silicon dioxide coating

386
427/255.394

Nitrogen containing coating (e.g., metal nitride, etc.)

459
427/255.38

Phosphorus or boron containing coating (e.g., aluminum boride, boron phosphide etc.)

215
427/255.24

Fiber or fibrous web or sheet based (e.g., strand, filament, fabric, cloth, etc.)

80
427/255.395

Inorganic coating

156
427/255.25

Mixture contains liquid or solid particulate suspension

82
427/255.5

Moving the base

491
427/255.6

Organic coating applied by vapor, gas, or smoke

584
427/255.7

Plural coatings applied by vapor, gas, or smoke

1005
427/254

Wood base

30
427/160

Coating has x-ray, ultraviolet, or infrared properties

456
427/136

Coating pavement or the earth (e.g., roadmaking, etc.)

232
427/138

Asphalt, bitumen, oil, or tar containing coating

125
427/139

Rolling

23
427/137

Striping, marking, or increasing reflectivity

118
427/207.1

Coating remains adhesive or is intended to be made adhesive

614
427/208

Application to opposite sides of base

175
427/208.2

Heat sensitive adhesive

304
427/208.4

Pressure sensitive adhesive

413
427/208.8

Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base

201
427/208.6

Nonuniform coating (e.g., perforated, etc.)

158
427/401

Combined

149
427/170

Delustering fabric or yarn

19
427/902

Diamond-like carbon coating (i.e., dlc)

64
427/905

Utilizing ion plating or ion implantation

10
427/904

Utilizing low energy electromagnetic radiation (e.g., microwave, radio wave, ir, uv, visible, actinic laser, etc.)

34
427/906

Utilizing plasma (e.g., corona, glow discharge, cold plasma, etc.)

42
427/457

Direct application of electrical, magnetic, wave, or particulate energy

244
427/581

Chemical deposition from liquid contiguous with substrate via electron beam or light (e.g., photochemical liquid deposition, etc.)

133
427/585

Chemical vapor deposition (e.g., electron beam or heating using ir, inductance, resistance, etc.)

720
427/586

Pyrolytic use of laser or focused light (e.g., ir, uv lasers to heat, etc.)

250
427/587

Resistance or induction heating

115
427/590

Boron, nitrogen, or inorganic carbon containing coating

93
427/588

Silicon or semiconductor material containing coating

125
427/589

Silicon carbide

32
427/580

Electrical discharge (e.g., arcs, sparks, etc.)

388
427/595

Electromagnetic or particulate radiation utilized (e.g., ir, uv, x-ray, gamma ray, actinic, microwave, radio wave, atomic particle; i.e., alpha ray, beta ray, electron, etc.)

554
427/596

Laser or electron beam (e.g., heat source, etc.)

704
427/597

Metal or metal alloy containing coating material applied

256
427/458

Electrostatic charge, field, or force utilized

298
427/471

Applying coatings to opposite sides of a substrate (excluding processes where all coating is by immersion)

49
427/462

Flock or fiber applied

74
427/463

Pile- or nap-type surface formed

9
427/464

Heating, drying, or cooling adhesive surface

22
427/465

Organic substrate specified (e.g., fabric, etc.)

17
427/459

Fluidized bed utilized

100
427/461

Heating or fusing applied coating

100
427/460

Ionization or corona discharge utilized

61
427/466

Nonuniform or patterned coating (e.g., ink jet printing, etc.)

384
427/469

Coating material consists of charged particles (e.g., paint, pigment, dye, etc.)

206
427/467

Edging or striping

23
427/468

Mask or stencil utilized

70
427/472

Positioning, orientation, or application of nonsprayed, nonatomized coating material solely by electrostatic charge, field, or force

148
427/473

Inorganic substrate

58
427/474

Solid particles applied

126
427/475

Solid particles or atomized liquid applied

391
427/477

Articles or substrates sequentially moved past atomizing source

87
427/478

Collection of off-target or fugitive coating material

35
427/480

Movable atomizer or spray source (e.g., spray source or atomizer rotates, reciprocates, oscillates, etc.)

53
427/481

Rotatable base or support for substrate

31
427/479

Utilizing multiple spray sources (e.g., atomizers)

58
427/485

Coating contains organic material

293
427/486

Inorganic substrate

176
427/476

Inside hollow articles

87
427/482

Running or indefinite length substrate

132
427/483

Utilizing apparatus to atomize and electrostatically charge liquid coating material (e.g., charging electrode adjacent spray source, etc.)

194
427/484

Rotatable atomizer or spray source

37
427/470

Superposed diverse or multilayer similar coatings applied

178
427/591

Induction or dielectric heating

127
427/523

Ion plating or implantation

428
427/530

Inorganic metal compound present in plating or implanted material (e.g., nitrides, carbides, borides, etc.)

230
427/529

Inorganic oxide containing plating or implanted material

204
427/531

Metal or metal alloy plating or implanted material

323
427/528

Metal or metal alloy substrate

197
427/526

Nonuniform or patterned ion plating or ion implanting (e.g., mask, etc.)

247
427/525

Organic material present in substrate, plating, or implanted layer

176
427/527

Silicon present in substrate, plating, or implanted layer

290
427/524

With simultaneous sputter etching of substrate

88
427/598

Magnetic field or force utilized

252
427/599

Magnetic recording medium or device formed

105
427/582

Photoinitiated chemical vapor deposition (i.e., photo cvd)

156
427/584

Metal, metal alloy, or metal oxide coating

113
427/583

Silicon containing coating

111
427/569

Plasma (e.g., corona, glow discharge, cold plasma, etc.)

1378
427/575

Generated by microwave (i.e., 1mm to 1m)

464
427/577

Inorganic carbon containing coating material, not as steel (e.g., carbide, etc.)

687
427/576

Metal, metal alloy, or metal oxide coating

642
427/578

Silicon containing coating material

633
427/579

Silicon oxides or nitrides

592
427/570

Utilizing plasma with other nonionizing energy sources

217
427/572

Light as energy source

90
427/574

Silicon containing coating

334
427/573

With heated substrate

256
427/571

With magnetic enhancement

303
427/487

Polymerization of coating utilizing direct application of electrical, magnetic, wave, or particulate energy (i.e., including cross-linking, curing, and hardening of organics)

429
427/493

Application of plural diverse energy sources to polymerize (e.g., electromagnetic wave plus resistance heat, ultraviolet wave plus infrared wave, etc.)

220
427/494

Gloss control (e.g., light scattering, etc.)

56
427/496

High energy electromagnetic radiation or high energy particles utilized (e.g., gamma rays, x-rays, atomic particles, i.e., alpha rays, beta rays, electrons, etc.)

299
427/506

Benzene ring or nitrogen containing coating material

125
427/507

Styrene or carboxamide group containing coating material (e.g., urea, urethane, etc.)

80
427/505

Coating is adhesive or intended to be made adhesive (e.g., release sheet or coating, etc.)

86
427/500

Coating material includes colorant or pigment

120
427/498

Immersion, partial immersion, spraying, or spin coating utilized (e.g., dipping, etc.)

121
427/499

Natural cellulose substrate

8
427/502

Magnetic recording medium formed

112
427/504

Nonuniform or patterned coating (e.g., mask, printing, etc.)

206
427/503

Organosilicon containing coating material

152
427/501

Textile, fiber, or wire coated or impregnated

106
427/497

Vapor deposition utilized

86
427/508

Low energy electromagnetic radiation utilized (e.g., uv, visible, ir, microwave, radio wave, actinic, laser, etc.)

907
427/520

Benzene ring or nitrogen containing coating material

409
427/517

Coating includes specified rate affecting material

341
427/518

Inorganic substrate

100
427/519

Keto or aldehyde containing group is part of the rate affecting coating material (e.g., benzoin, benzophenone, acetaldehyde, etc.)

238
427/516

Coating is adhesive or is intended to be made adhesive (e.g., release sheet or coating, etc.)

254
427/514

Coating material includes colorant or pigment

270
427/512

Immersion, partial immersion, spraying, or spin coating utilized (e.g., dipping, etc.)

374
427/510

Nonuniform or patterned coating (e.g., mask, printing, textured, etc.)

602
427/511

Printing ink utilized

232
427/515

Organosilicon containing coating material

398
427/521

Radiation as heat source (e.g., radiant energy, etc.)

241
427/513

Textile or fiber coated or impregnated

201
427/509

Vapor deposition utilized

119
427/492

Multiple applications of identical radiation energy source to polymerize (e.g., pulse, flash, lamp, etc.)

132
427/488

Plasma initiated polymerization

278
427/490

Flurocarbon containing coating

154
427/491

Organic substrate

172
427/489

Organosilicon containing coating

221
427/495

Polymerization involving the control of oxygen containing gas as an inhibitor (e.g., air, etc.)

70
427/522

Resistance or induction heat-initiated polymerization

44
427/561

Pretreatment of coating supply or source outside of primary deposition zone or off site

256
427/562

Electric discharge (e.g., corona, glow discharge, etc.)

219
427/564

Metal, metal alloy, or metal oxide containing coating material

114
427/563

Silicon containing coating material

128
427/566

Electron irradiation (e.g., e-beam evaporation, etc.)

202
427/567

Silicon or metal oxide coating (e.g., glass, etc.)

106
427/568

Silicon containing coating supply or source

64
427/565

Sonic or ultrasonic (e.g., vibratory energy, etc.)

79
427/532

Pretreatment of substrate or post-treatment of coated substrate

356
427/540

Arc or electrical discharge

121
427/541

Drying

106
427/542

Infrared or radiant heating

118
427/551

High energy electromagnetic radiation or high energy particles utilized (e.g., gamma ray, x-ray, atomic particle, i.e., alpha ray, beta ray, high energy electron, etc.)

295
427/552

Nonuniform or patterned coating

242
427/543

Induction or dielectric heating

92
427/544

Organic coating containing material

56
427/533

Ionized gas utilized (e.g., electrically powered source, corona discharge, plasma, glow discharge, etc.)

380
427/534

Cleaning or removing part of substrate (e.g., etching with plasma, glow discharge, etc.)

500
427/535

Plasma (e.g., cold plasma, corona, glow discharge, etc.)

644
427/536

Organic substrate

440
427/537

Metal containing coating

121
427/538

Textile or fiber coated or impregnated

75
427/539

Oxygen containing atmosphere

294
427/553

Low energy electromagnetic radiation (e.g., microwave, radio wave, ir, uv, visible, actinic, laser, etc.)

697
427/554

Laser

504
427/555

Nonuniform or patterned coating

597
427/556

Metal or metal alloy substrate

151
427/557

Thermal processes (e.g., radiant heat, infrared, etc.)

372
427/559

Fusing, curing, or annealing (e.g., ceramics, etc.)

306
427/558

Ultraviolet light

516
427/547

Magnetic field or force utilized

136
427/548

Magnetic recording medium or device formed

100
427/549

Running length substrate

53
427/550

Magnetizable powder, flakes, or particles utilized

73
427/545

Resistance heating

47
427/546

Metal or metal alloy containing coating

13
427/560

Sonic or ultrasonic (e.g., cleaning or removing material from substrate, etc.)

158
427/592

Resistance heating

62
427/594

Immersion or partial immersion

16
427/593

Vapor deposition employing resistance heating of substrate or coating material

134
427/600

Sonic or ultrasonic

203
427/601

Immersion bath utilized

95
 

Electrical product produced (427/58)

 
427/58

Electrical product produced

1269
427/113

Carbon base

191
427/114

Brushes

13
427/122

Carbon coating

418
427/121

Cellulosic or fibrous base (e.g., wood, paper, etc.)

190
427/116

Coil or winding

166
427/79

Condenser or capacitor

404
427/80

Electrolytic or barrier layer type

196
427/81

Vacuum or pressure utilized

107
427/77

Electron emissive or suppressive (excluding electrode for arc)

335
427/78

Vapor deposition or spraying

159
427/111

Filament for lamp or tube

26
427/112

Carbon filament

10
427/64

Fluorescent or phosphorescent base coating (e.g., cathode-ray tube, luminescent screen, etc.)

559
427/66

Electroluminescent lamp

742
427/67

Fluorescent lamp

127
427/68

Multicolor or mosaic (e.g., color t.v. tube, etc.)

424
427/71

Particles applied

97
427/72

Rotating the base

55
427/73

Settling out of liquid

46
427/69

Vapor deposition

206
427/70

Nonmetallic coating formed by vapor deposition

146
427/65

X-radiation properties

89
427/115

Fuel cell part

738
427/105

Hollow article

70
427/106

Glass (e.g., light bulb, etc.)

112
427/107

Vapor deposition

42
427/96.1

Integrated circuit, printed circuit, or circuit board

247
427/97.7

Coating hole wall

116
427/98.2

With posttreatment of coating or coating material

45
427/98.3

Heating (e.g., curing, etc.)

126
427/97.8

With pretreatment of substrate

61
427/97.9

Immersion metal plating from solution (e.g., electroless plating, etc.)

75
427/98.1

Activating or catalyst pretreatment

154
427/96.9

Front and back of substrate coated (excluding processes where all coating is by immersion)

115
427/99.5

Immersion metal plating from solution (e.g., electroless plating, etc.)

372
427/97.1

Multilayer

158
427/97.2

Coating hole wall

891
427/97.3

Nonuniform or patterned coating

216
427/97.4

With posttreatment of coating or coating material

380
427/97.5

Polymer deposited

252
427/97.6

With posttreatment of coating or coating material

132
427/98.4

Nonuniform or patterned coating

311
427/98.5

With pretreatment of substrate

220
427/96.2

Protective coating (e.g., encapsulating, etc.)

242
427/96.6

Barrier to diffusion of specific fluid (e.g., silicone rubber, selectively permeable membrane which excludes water or moisture, etc.)

92
427/96.4

Conformal (e.g., thin film

68
427/96.3

Electromagnetic wave energy shield (e.g., electromagnetic wave shield (ews), etc.)

44
427/96.5

Mechanical shock, stress, or physical damage absorbing or shielding (e.g., scratch or puncture-resistant coating, etc.)

47
427/96.7

Using mist or aerosol

41
427/96.8

Vapor or gas deposition

513
427/99.2

With posttreatment of coating or coating material

166
427/99.3

Planarization

65
427/99.4

Polymer deposited

174
427/98.6

With pretreatment of substrate

30
427/99.1

Activating or catalyst pretreatment

209
427/98.8

Etching or roughening

115
427/98.9

Heating

30
427/98.7

Swelling

21
427/123

Metal coating

939
427/125

Silver, gold, platinum, or palladium

657
427/124

Vapor deposition or utilizing vacuum

528
427/126.1

Metallic compound coating

534
427/126.2

Glass or ceramic base or coating

476
427/126.3

Metal oxide, peroxide, or hydroxide coating

1154
427/126.4

Metal is al

215
427/126.5

Metal is au, ag, pt, pd, ru, rh, os, ir

261
427/126.6

Metal is ni, fe, or co

206
427/104

Motor stator or core for winding

72
427/74

Photoelectric

734
427/76

Coating is selenium, tellurium, or compound thereof

190
427/75

Mosaic or nonuniform coating

106
427/100

Piezoelectric properties

383
427/101

Resistor for current control (excludes heating element)

234
427/103

Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base

191
427/102

Nonuniform coating

189
427/62

Superconductor

760
427/63

Nonuniform coating

195
427/108

Transparent base

300
427/110

Spraying

113
427/109

Vapor deposition

200
427/59

Welding electrode

30
427/61

Metal coating or group iia metallic compound containing coating

22
427/60

Post-treating with solid treating member

7
427/117

Wire conductor

289
427/118

Applying superposed coatings or coating a coated base

254
427/119

Foam, cellular, or natural rubber coating

25
427/120

Heat utilized

267
427/420

Falling curtain of coating material utilized (i.e., curtain coating)

415
427/223

Flame contact

109
427/224

After coating

75
427/225

Metal coating

33
427/157

Fluorescent or phosphorescent coating

294
427/158

Optical brightening

95
427/243

Foraminous product produced

371
427/244

Filter, sponge, or foam

707
427/247

Metal base

138
427/245

Microporous coating (e.g., vapor permeable, etc.)

516
427/246

Coagulating or jelling the coating

191
427/7

Fraud or tamper detecting

205
427/11

Frictional application (i.e., rubbing solid coating material on base)

157
427/903

Fullerene type base or coating

36
427/226

Heat decomposition of applied coating or base material

983
427/227

Base material decomposed or carbonized

186
427/228

Coating decomposed to form carbide or coating carbonized

375
427/229

Coating decomposed to form metal

305
427/144

Hectrographic or copying surface making

44
427/430.1

Immersion or partial immersion

1375
427/439

Cellulosic base

190
427/442

Wax, oil, asphalt, or bitumen containing coating

35
427/440

Wood base

311
427/441

Creosote, wax, oil, asphalt, or bitumen containing coating

39
427/443.1

Chemical compound reducing agent utilized (i.e., electroless deposition)

677
427/443.2

Inorganic base

494
427/435

Metal base

628
427/436

Metal coating

399
427/437

Chemical compound reducing agent utilized (i.e., electroless deposition)

513
427/438

Nickel coating

253
427/431

Molten metal or fused salt bath

272
427/432

Inert gas or nonoxidizing atmosphere utilized

94
427/433

Lead, zinc, or tin coating (e.g., galvanizing, etc.)

343
427/434.2

Running lengths

253
427/434.4

Base treated by solid member in bath (e.g., scraped, squeezed, etc.)

83
427/434.3

Coating applied at surface of bath only

146
427/434.5

Coating material moved (e.g., agitated, circulated, etc.)

92
427/434.6

Cord, thread, yarn, wire, or rod

255
427/434.7

Extending through bath-containing wall

135
427/443

Wax, oil, asphalt, or bitumen containing coating

83
427/159

Incandescent mantle produced

7
427/230

Interior of hollow article coating

605
427/237

Coating by vapor, gas, mist, or smoke

380
427/239

Metal base

495
427/235

Removing excess coating material

189
427/231

Rotating the article

147
427/234

Metal base

99
427/232

Removing excess coating material

64
427/233

Spraying

119
427/236

Spraying

408
427/238

Vacuum or pressure utilized

339
427/145

Latent image formed or developed

196
427/901

Liquid source chemical depostion (i.e., lscvd) or aerosol chemical vapor deposition (i.e., acvd)

24
427/127

Magnetic base or coating

739
427/128

Magnetic coating

1640
427/131

Applying superposed diverse coating or coating a coated base

1564
427/132

Metal coating

827
427/130

With post-treatment of coating or coating material

1106
427/129

With pretreatment of base

493
427/8

Measuring, testing, or indicating

1335
427/9

Thickness or uniformity of thickness determined

311
427/10

Electrical or optical

486
427/2.1

Medical or dental purpose product; parts; subcombinations; intermediates (e.g., balloon catheter, splint)

729
427/2.11

Analysis, diagnosis, measuring, or testing product (e.g., specimen preparation, microscope slide smearing)

328
427/2.12

For contacting living body or transfusing bodily fluid (e.g., endoscope, electrode, thermometer, probe)

175
427/2.13

Layer formed contains chemical reagent or chemically reacts with substrate (e.g., cell stain or fix, ph paper, immobilized antigen)

366
427/2.29

Dental product (e.g., floss, denture, orthodontia wire)

103
427/2.28

Device for creating or holding open an unnatural opening in a membrane or organ (e.g., syringe, scalpel, drainage tube)

289
427/2.31

Flexible web, sheet, film, or filament base (e.g., fabric, bandage, suture, transdermal patch, orthopedic cast tape)

314
427/2.3

Fluid barrier or fluid transporting product, other than merely absorbing (e.g., surgical glove, condom, lined diaper, membrane filter, iv tubing, cannula, dialysis membrane, urinary catheter)

438
427/2.24

Implantable permanent prosthesis (i.e., artificial body member) (e.g., pacemaker, lens, cornea, glaucoma shunt, heart valve, muscle, spinal disc, breast, internal organ)

870
427/2.26

For mineralized body part (e.g., bone, tooth, crown, hip)

234
427/2.27

Inorganic oxygen-containing compound containing layer formed (e.g., hydroxyapatite, ceramic, glass)

196
427/2.25

Liquid conveying (e.g., vascular, arterial, bile duct, urethra)

526
427/2.14

Particulate or unit-dosage-article base (e.g., tablet, pill, pellet, capsule, liposome, powder, controlled-release implant, suppository; excluding transdermal patch)

269
427/2.18

En masse rotating means employed (e.g., rotating pan, tumbling)

46
427/2.19

Retarded or controlled-release layer produced (e.g., enteric)

49
427/2.2

Significant color or other intended appearance altering layer formed (e.g., shining, indicia)

14
427/2.15

Fluidized bed utilized

44
427/2.16

Retarded or controlled-release layer produced (e.g., enteric)

46
427/2.17

Significant color or other intended appearance altering layer formed (e.g., shining, indicia)

4
427/2.22

Gelatin matrix layer produced

31
427/2.21

Retarded or controlled-release layer produced (e.g., enteric)

103
427/2.23

Significant color or other intended appearance altering layer formed (e.g., shining, indicia)

30
427/445

Miscellaneous

134
427/133

Mold coating

251
427/135

Metal mold

157
427/134

Sand mold

51
427/256

Nonuniform coating

1100
427/258

Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base

531
427/270

Deforming the base or coating or removing a portion of the coating

312
427/261

Final coating nonuniform

708
427/264

Deforming the base or coating or removing a portion of the coating

522
427/265

Plural nonuniform coatings

461
427/266

Glass or ceramic base

144
427/262

Variegated surface produced (e.g., mottled, stippled, wood grained, etc.)

122
427/263

Marbleized

31
427/269

Glass or ceramic base

148
427/260

Handheld brush or absorbent applicator utilized

55
427/259

Including a masking coating

452
427/267

Variegated surface produced (e.g., mottled, stippled, wood grained, etc.)

79
427/268

Marbleized

16
427/283

Crystalization or precipitation coating

38
427/271

Deforming the base or coating or removing a portion of the coating

459
427/275

Deforming the base

174
427/276

Simultaneously deforming the coating

91
427/273

Fluid treating the coating (e.g., vapor treating, etc.)

167
427/272

Mask or stencil utilized

374
427/277

Solid treating member contacts coating

188
427/278

Roller treating member

127
427/274

Variegated surface produced (e.g., stippled, marbleized, mottled, wood grained, etc.)

51
427/284

Edge or border coating

287
427/285

Paper or textile base

85
427/282

Mask or stencil utilized

1332
427/287

Metal, glass, or ceramic base

765
427/288

Paper or textile base

574
427/286

Striping (i.e., forming stripes)

343
427/280

Variegated surface produced (e.g., mottled, wood grained, etc.)

107
427/281

Marbleized

25
427/279

Vitreous coating

61
427/257

Wrinkled or crackled coating

67
427/162

Optical element produced

1398
427/163.1

Polarizer, windshield, optical fiber, projection screen, or retroreflector

354
427/163.2

Optical fiber, rod, filament, or waveguide

494
427/163.3

Projection screen

32
427/163.4

Retroreflector (e.g., light reflecting small spherical beads, etc.)

107
427/164

Transparent base

1010
427/165

Glass

723
427/169

Immersion

192
427/168

Spraying

244
427/166

Vapor depositing

463
427/167

Silicon compound coating (e.g., quartz, etc.)

288
427/212

Particles, flakes, or granules coated or encapsulated

1179
427/214

Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base

499
427/213

Fluidized bed utilized

462
427/215

Inorganic base

971
427/216

Metal base

481
427/217

Metal coating

365
427/220

Organic coating

614
427/221

Resin, rubber, or hardenable oil containing coating

609
427/218

Pigment containing coating

163
427/219

Silicon compound containing coating

177
427/222

Resin base

419
427/213.3

Solid encapsulation process utilizing an emulsion or dispersion to form a solid-walled microcapsule (includes liposome)

400
427/213.34

Solid-walled microcapsule formed by in situ polymerization

208
427/213.35

Solid-walled microcapsule formed from gelatin or derivative thereof

67
427/213.36

Solid-walled microcapsule formed from preformed synthetic polymer

221
427/213.31

With post-treatment of encapsulant or encapsulating material (e.g., further coating, hardening, etc.)

248
427/213.32

Hardening

96
427/213.33

Using crosslinking agent

106
427/4

Plant member or animal specimen coating

229
427/444

Pretreatment, per se, or post-treatment, per se (without claimed coating)

356
427/5

Radioactive base or coating

61
427/6

Particles or nuclear reactor fuel elements coated

84
427/154

Removable protective coating applied

345
427/156

Metal base

208
427/155

Organic base

170
427/140

Restoring or repairing

678
427/141

Carbon paper or inked ribbon

29
427/142

Metal article

332
427/428.01

Roller applicator utilized (e.g., padding, etc.)

231
427/428.14

And doctor or roller used to distribute coating material on roller applicator

48
427/428.16

And guiding base to follow surface curvature of roller applicator

30
427/428.15

And using transfer roller to feed coating material to roller applicator

67
427/428.17

Including using roller backup support for base

87
427/428.13

And roller end dams used

7
427/428.2

Direct contact of roller applicator with coating material supply bath used

80
427/428.05

Fibrous or porous surface roller used

28
427/428.06

Grooved or textured surface roller used

101
427/428.18

Including using force to supply coating material to roller applicator

22
427/428.19

Through nozzle or projector

41
427/428.21

Including using roller backup support for base

56
427/428.11

Opposed, counter, or reverse surface movement at contact between roller applicator and base

60
427/428.12

And using transfer roller to feed coating material to roller applicator

26
427/428.07

Resilient (e.g., rubber, etc.) surface roller used

17
427/428.1

Including using roller backup support for base

25
427/428.09

Opposed, counter, or reverse surface movement at contact between roller applicator and base

12
427/428.08

Plural roller applicators used

13
427/428.03

Roller composed of three or more layers used

5
427/428.02

Single roller applies plural layers of same coating material to base

5
427/428.04

Tapered roller used

3
427/242

Rumbling or tumbling

344
427/180

Solid particles or fibers applied

911
427/202

Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base

514
427/203

Coating over the applied coating of particles

483
427/206

Flock or fibers applied

164
427/205

Metal or metallic compound containing particles

374
427/204

Silicon compound containing particles (e.g., sand, etc.)

288
427/185

Fluidized bed utilized

285
427/181

Interior or hollow article coating

223
427/182

Fluidized bed utilized

31
427/183

Rotating the base

58
427/197

Localized different areas produced (e.g., printing, etc.)

243
427/198

Deforming the base or coating or removing part of the coating

125
427/200

Flock or fibers applied

74
427/199

Silicon compound, metal, or metallic compound containing particles applied

124
427/184

Nonuniform speed or nonrectilinear base motion

32
427/196

Plural direction application of coating materials or simultaneously applying particles and binder from different sources

91
427/201

Plural particulate materials applied

463
427/186

Roofing produced

101
427/188

Localized different areas produced

56
427/187

With cutting

28
427/189

Uniting particles to form continuous coating with nondiscernible particles

256
427/191

Metal particles

299
427/192

Aluminum, copper, or zinc particles

173
427/190

Metallic compound particles

297
427/194

Roller utilized

78
427/195

Synthetic resin particles

743
427/193

Vitrifiable particles

116
427/446

Spray coating utilizing flame or plasma heat (e.g., flame spraying, etc.)

456
427/449

Continuous feed solid coating material (e.g., wire, rod, or filament, etc.)

145
427/450

Inorganic carbon containing coating, not as steel (e.g., carbide, etc.)

219
427/451

Additionally containing nickel, cobalt, or iron as free metal or alloy

112
427/455

Metal or metal alloy coating

498
427/456

Aluminum, nickel, cobalt, or iron metal or alloy containing coating

520
427/453

Metal oxide containing coating

456
427/454

Superposed diverse or multilayer similar coatings applied

217
427/448

Nonuniform or patterned coating

137
427/447

Organic containing coating

187
427/452

Silicon containing coating

273
427/421.1

Spraying

603
427/422

Heated coating material

546
427/426

Ingredients supplied separately

340
427/427

Inorganic coating material

755
427/427.3

Moving nozzle or projector

245
427/424

Moving the base

647
427/425

Rotating or inverting

493
427/427.7

Organic compound containing base

123
427/427.4

Polymer containing coating material

443
427/427.5

Metal base

223
427/427.6

Organic compound containing base

231
427/427.1

Using nozzle or projector supported or guided by base (e.g., work, workpiece, etc.) during coating

69
427/427.2

With programmed control or using mechanized nozzle or projector (e.g., robotic sprayer, etc.)

171
427/143

Stencil blank making

44
427/146

Transfer or copy sheet making

448
427/153

Carbon paper type

68
427/152

Coating opposite sides or forming plural or nonuniform coats

626
427/147

Decal or embossing foil type (i.e., continuous film transfers)

144
427/149

Fluid releasable

65
427/148

Heat sensitive

275
427/150

Reactive components

701
427/151

Heterocyclic organic compound component

608
427/161

Transparency or translucency increased (e.g., making window envelopes, etc.)

85
427/294

Vacuum utilized prior to or during coating

969
427/295

Metal base

257
427/296

Organic base

308
427/297

Wood base

182
427/298

Creosote, wax, oil, asphalt, or bitumen coating

32
427/289

With cutting, holding, severing, or abrading the base

320
427/290

Prior to coating

204
427/292

Inorganic base

183
427/291

Wood base (e.g., injecting, etc.)

36
427/293

Rectilinear cutting to length

62
427/331

With post-treatment of coating or coating material

644
427/337

Chemical agent applied to treat coating

465
427/339

Cellulosic coating

43
427/343

Inorganic coating

325
427/344

Silicon compound containing coating

173
427/338

Proteinaceous coating

109
427/340

Resin, resin precursor, rubber, or hardenable oil containing coating

361
427/341

Inorganic treating agent

272
427/342

Textile or cellulosic base

185
427/345

Coating material recirculation or regeneration

272
427/398.1

Cooling

275
427/398.3

Liquid utilized (e.g., quenching, spraying, etc.)

89
427/398.5

Movement of atmosphere

30
427/398.2

Utilizing solid member contacting base or coating (e.g., cooling roller, etc.)

74
427/398.4

Vacuum, vapor, or gas other than air utilized

71
427/332

Deodorizing

16
427/348

Gas jet or blast mechanically treats coating

296
427/349

Metal coating

101
427/372.2

Heating or drying (e.g., polymerizing, vulcanizing, curing, etc.)

2105
427/374.1

And cooling

287
427/374.4

Fused or molten coating cooled

123
427/374.5

Liquid or solid cooling medium

29
427/374.6

Vacuum, vapor, or gas other than air utilized

25
427/374.7

Vitreous or glazed coating

30
427/374.2

Heating after cooling

67
427/374.3

Without intervening coating step

64
427/373

Cells, foam, or bubbles formed

337
427/375

Fusion or softening of coating

361
427/376.1

Inorganic coating

275
427/376.2

Metal oxide- or silicon-containing coating (e.g., glazed, vitreous enamel, etc.)

834
427/376.4

Metal base

160
427/376.5

Ferrous base

63
427/376.3

Metal-containing coating (e.g., cermet, etc.)

203
427/376.6

Metal-containing coating

237
427/376.7

Coating consists of metal

104
427/376.8

Metal base

145
427/397.7

Inorganic silicon-containing coating

554
427/397.8

Alkali silicate

197
427/383.1

Metal coating

419
427/383.3

Inorganic base

191
427/383.5

Fused oxide-containing base (e.g., ceramic, glass, etc.)

218
427/383.7

Metal base

318
427/377

Modified condition of atmosphere (e.g., steam, air movement, etc.)

702
427/378

Movement of atmosphere

182
427/384

Organic coating

1280
427/385.5

Resin, resin precursor, rubber, or hardenable oil-containing coating

2777
427/393.6

Asbestos, ceramic, concrete, or masonry base

397
427/386

Epoxy or polyepoxide containing coating

1121
427/389.7

Glass base

521
427/389.8

Fiberglass base

322
427/388.1

Metal base

867
427/388.2

Cross-linked or infusible coating

562
427/388.3

Aldehyde-containing precursor

133
427/388.5

Nonaqueous dispersion

210
427/388.4

Water-containing coating (i.e., aqueous dispersion, emulsion, or solution)

531
427/389

Proteinaceous base (e.g., wool, leather, etc.)

292
427/393.5

Resin, rubber, or elastomer base

1152
427/387

Silicon compound containing coating

2340
427/389.9

Textile or cellulose base

1051
427/393.4

Antisoiling or water repellency increased

404
427/393.1

Antistatic properties increased

124
427/393.3

Flame resistance increased

220
427/392

Natural cellulose base

277
427/393

Wood base

433
427/391

Paper base

702
427/393.2

Wrinkle resistance of crease holding properties increased

115
427/394

Textile or cellulosic base

446
427/396

Natural cellulose base

120
427/397

Wood base

210
427/395

Paper base

284
427/379

Plural heating or drying steps

824
427/380

Metal or metallic compound containing coating

500
427/381

Textile or cellulosic base

219
427/382

Paper or natural cellulose base

120
427/352

Liquid extraction of coating constituent or cleaning coating

247
427/353

With water

208
427/354

Drying subsequent to washing

114
427/346

Movement of work treats coating (e.g., vibrating, tilting, etc.)

250
427/347

Metal coating

42
427/334

Oil or wax treatment of coating

48
427/333

Plural film forming coatings wherein one coating contains a chemical treating agent for the other

289
427/355

Solid treating member or material contacts coating

475
427/368

Brushing

129
427/356

Die, blade, or sharp-edged tool

489
427/357

Metal coating

70
427/358

Organic coating

424
427/367

Metal coating

121
427/371

Organic base

96
427/369

Pressure treatment of coating (e.g., squeezing, etc.)

329
427/370

With heating (e.g., hot ironing, etc.)

269
427/359

Roller, drum, or cylinder

315
427/360

Metal coating

48
427/361

Paper base (e.g., calendering, etc.)

202
427/364

Casein or starch containing coating

36
427/362

Cast coating

64
427/363

Wax or oil containing coating

21
427/365

Treating between rollers (e.g., calendering, etc.)

250
427/366

With heating (e.g., heated roller, etc.)

174
427/335

Solvent vapor treatment of coating

186
427/336

Swelling agent or solvent applied to treat coating

325
427/350

Vacuum or reduced pressure utilized

280
427/351

Wood base

56
427/299

With pretreatment of the base

793
427/307

Etching, swelling, or dissolving out part of the base

653
427/308

Cellulosic base

36
427/309

Inorganic base

450
427/310

Fluxing

65
427/313

Lead or tin coating

20
427/311

Supernatant flux (floating)

8
427/312

Lead or tin coating

10
427/314

Heating or drying pretreatment

759
427/318

Metal base

317
427/319

Metal coating

123
427/320

Aluminum coating

71
427/321

Zinc or spelter coating (e.g., galvanizing, etc.)

95
427/316

Organic base

242
427/317

Wood base

69
427/315

Steam utilized

42
427/327

Metal base

633
427/328

Metal coating

250
427/329

Molten metal bath utilized

90
427/330

Vitreous coating

42
427/322

Organic base

569
427/324

Cellulosic base

91
427/326

Paper base

101
427/325

Wood base

135
427/323

Natural protein containing base (e.g., silk, wool, leather, etc.)

53
427/301

Preapplied reactant or reaction promoter or hardener (e.g., catalyst, etc.)

291
427/304

Metal coating (e.g., electroless deposition, etc.)

758
427/305

Nickel, copper, cobalt, or chromium coating

609
427/306

Organic base

503
427/302

Resin, rubber, or hardenable oil containing coating

262
427/303

Cellulosic base

38
427/300

Shielding or spacing

125
427/171

With stretching or tensioning

150
427/172

Running lengths

96
427/175

Cord, thread, yarn, or wire

85
427/173

Lateral stretching

64
427/174

Particles or fibers applied

24
427/176

Textile fabric

66
427/177

With winding, balling, rolling, or coiling

186
427/178

Metal or glass base (e.g., wire, etc.)

127
427/179

Paper or felt base

53
 
 
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