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Class Information
Number: 403
Name: Joints and connections >
Description: This is the generic class of connections between two or more rigid or semirigid members at substantially a single locus when (I) the members cooperate to form a utilitarian structure or assemblage; (II) either (a) an intrinsic property of at least one of the members is utilized in effecting the connection, (b) the members are related to each other in a particular manner (e.g., angularly), (c) a portion of one member reorients relative to a portion of the other member about the connection, or (d) all other connections between such members for which no other provisions have been made; and (III) the members constitute either (a) stock elements having such general and varied utility as to be identifiable with no particular art until connected (e.g., framework members which transmit force or torque to each other), (b) components of an assemblage which have the same utility before and after connecting but which, when connected, interact with each other to accomplish a common task and no longer have any independent operation (e.g., rigid, interconnected torque or thrust transmitting rods), (c) subcomponents of an assemblage, at least one of which has utility only when interacting with the other to accomplish a specific task (e.g., windshield wiper and windshield), or (d) components having independent utility, but which, when connected, cooperate to change, enhance, expand or make interdependent their operation (e.g., articulated members).










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
403/DIG.9

Adjustable clamp

50
403/332

Annular recess is joint component

29
403/52

Articulated members

49
 

Articulated members

 
403/82

Arcuate shank moves in complementary guide

21
403/166

Axially spring-biased coaxial members

77
403/64

Branched

26
403/112

Including limit means

43
403/113

For pivotal motion

98
403/114

Ball and socket with restricted movement about one axis

86
403/115

Ball stud passes through confining opening

42
403/117

Opposed stops on one member

70
403/116

Pin and slot

85
403/81

Including operator

14
403/66

Including static joint

15
403/75

Angled or offset members

9
403/79

Articulate joint comprises pivoted clevis or channel bar

118
403/72

Articulate joint intermediate end joints

16
403/73

Variable angle

21
403/74

Universal

51
403/80

Articulate joint is a slide

32
403/78

Articulate joint is a swivel

120
403/76

Articulate joint is ball and socket

99
403/77

With threaded joint

57
403/68

One member is plate or side

21
403/71

Bearing component clamped to plate or side, e.g., bolted, etc.

99
403/70

Plate or side forms bearing surface

19
403/69

Secant, i.e., rod extending through plate

15
403/67

Trunnion assembly to side of rod

16
403/83

Lockable at fixed position

68
403/84

At selected angle

152
403/90

Ball and socket

204
403/87

Clamping screw traverses sliding complementary arcuate bearing surfaces

75
403/91

Including pivot stud

84
403/100

Including bridging keeper

71
403/97

Including radial interengaging tongue and slot or serrations

209
403/92

Including radially spaced detent or latch component

107
403/93

Engaging notch or recess in outer periphery of component

190
403/96

Engaging recess in radial face

107
403/95

Pivoted detent

49
403/94

Side of rod engages recess in radial face

27
403/101

Locked by nesting parts

32
403/99

Locked by plural motions of one member

14
403/102

Members locked in axial alignment

182
403/98

Radially spaced arcuate slot engages fastener

34
403/86

Members rotatable about oblique axes

13
403/85

Movable brace between members

47
403/103

Plural distinct positions

89
403/88

Securing yoke or ring spaced radially from locking means

7
403/89

Eyebolt

5
403/110

Clamped members

96
403/104

Plural distinct positions

237
403/106

At least one discrete position

44
403/107

Step-by-step adjustment

76
403/108

Retainer extends through aligned recesses

147
403/105

Unidirectional movement, e.g., ratchet, etc.

56
403/109.1

Telescoping members

170
403/109.2

Having detent

58
403/109.5

Cam or wedge

149
403/109.6

Having transverse pin

39
403/109.3

Spring biased

191
403/109.4

Threaded

45
403/109.7

Remotely actuated

66
403/109.8

Self-locking

57
403/65

Member pivoted at rigid corner

32
403/119

Pivoted

148
403/120

Including circumferential biasing or damping means

75
403/145

Including tension or take-up means

35
403/147

Acting through tapered surface on bearing component

26
403/149

External of bearing assembly, e.g., antirattler, etc.

28
403/146

Interposed spring means coaxial with pivot

79
403/148

Manually variable

13
403/160

On oblique interface

17
403/121

Rocking or rolling contact

51
403/150

T-pivot, e.g., wrist pin, etc.

99
403/153

Expanded pin or end

25
403/151

Floating pin

31
403/157

Fork and tongue

159
403/159

Oppositely laterally movable tines

15
403/158

With interposed antifriction means

69
403/154

Including distinct pin retainer

135
403/156

Threaded pin end

27
403/155

Unitary clip or plug

90
403/152

Pin is integral with or secured to inner member

29
403/161

Transverse pin or stud

127
403/163

Attached to or integral with one member

82
403/162

Traverses interposed facing component

80
403/122

Universal ball and socket

386
403/142

Bifurcated socket

50
403/128

Composite ball

42
403/130

Nonmetallic part

36
403/129

Spring biased segments

17
403/131

Stud extends into ball

129
403/141

Divided socket-type coupling

110
403/133

Elastomeric seat

188
403/132

Elastomerically biased or backed components

105
403/134

Externally packed

133
403/123

Including internal tie means

39
403/135

Including liner, shim, or discrete seat

262
403/140

Completely spacing the members

113
403/139

Porous

7
403/136

Spring acts through wedging surfaces

17
403/138

Spring-biased seat opposite ball stud

63
403/137

Variably preloaded

49
403/124

Plural concave surfaces with diverse curvature

32
403/125

Interposed concavo-convex component

30
403/126

Outer surfaces

11
403/143

Separable socket sections

123
403/144

Spring-biased

63
403/127

Swiveled ball parts or seat

19
403/53

Plural distinct articulation axes

90
403/59

Angular and linear

91
403/61

Pivot stud slidable in elongated opening

84
403/60

Screw and swivel

19
403/62

Parallel rotary

32
403/56

Plural ball and socket

117
403/63

Plural translating connections

9
403/55

Single adjustment for plural axes

37
403/54

Three or more parallel axes

17
403/57

Universal

164
403/58

Non-coplanar axes

66
403/111

Rotatable members resiliently biased to one position

50
403/164

Rotatable

121
403/165

Rod in socket

116
403/118

Threaded interface

49
403/206

Axially curved or bent portion of rod is joint component

31
403/215

End of rod is deflected laterally within connector

16
403/207

Interfitted crossing rods

15
403/214

Intertwisted ends

8
403/208

Joined to laterally related transverse surface at axially spaced points

17
403/216

Plural rods distorted by single component

3
403/209

Reversely bent portion

57
403/210

Around eye-forming thimble

20
403/212

Held by crimped collar

18
403/213

Open u

36
403/211

With wedge clamp

50
403/344

Axially split or separable member

296
403/326

Biased catch or latch

459
403/327

By separate spring

250
403/328

Radially sliding catch

317
403/329

Leaf spring

424
403/330

Pivoted

216
403/169

Branched

80
403/178

Coplanar

64
403/177

Parallel rods

14
403/176

Polyhedral

190
403/170

Three or more radiating members

242
403/174

Coplanar

141
403/175

Additional rod held by encompassing means

47
403/173

Plural pairs of axially aligned members

39
403/171

Polyhedral

293
403/172

Unilateral of plane

144
403/286

Bridged by diverse connector

117
403/DIG.5

Carbon electrode

19
403/10

Closure or plug spaced from joint

19
403/204

Coacting connection between inner member and plural parts of outer member

14
403/42

Combined

10
403/333

Convergent interface

22
403/334

Tapered

142
403/26

Coupling supported by independent bearing

45
403/300

Distinct end coupler

163
403/307

Continuous thread

63
403/301

Diverse serial connections

68
403/302

Axially cleft coupler

39
403/308

Having separable end caps or plugs

27
403/314

Including member wedging or camming means

154
403/309

Interrupted periphery, e.g., split or segmental, etc.

61
403/310

Axially divided segments

56
403/312

Bolted

97
403/311

Interfitting

46
403/313

Split

85
403/305

Plural opposed sockets

141
403/306

Separate screw or pin-type connections

117
403/303

Single actuator for plural connections

18
403/304

Axially biased end portions

9
403/179

Diverse material coupling member

55
403/50

Flexible diaphragm or bellows

116
403/51

With additional connection or packing

92
403/291

Flexible member is joint component

223
403/220

Flexibly connected rigid members

164
403/224

Connecting pin traverses radially interposed elastomer

59
403/225

Elastomer interposed between radially spaced members

135
403/228

Composite bushing with elastomeric component

73
403/226

Elastomer encompasses shoulder on inner member

42
403/227

Including axially acting compressing means

54
403/223

Flexible sleeve-type coupling

70
403/229

Helical spring type coupling

97
403/221

Rigid sleeve encompasses flexible bushing

36
403/222

Longitudinally divided sleeve

14
403/DIG.12

Furniture type having a rotatable fastener or fastening element that tightens connection

107
403/DIG.11

Furniture type having a snap fit

70
403/DIG.13

Furniture type

66
403/409.1

Having a cam, wedge, or tapered portion

276
403/408.1

Having a joining piece extending through aligned openings in plural members

582
403/315

Including ancillary means blocking disconnection of joint

207
403/316

Blocker for assembled joint retainer

323
403/318

Blocked key

88
403/317

Blocker keeper

129
403/319

Blocker is catch or key

166
403/320

Cam or thread lock

151
403/288

Including distinct packing

94
403/2

Including frangible component

414
403/287

Including spaced, diverse connections

88
403/5

Inflatable connector

53
403/335

Interconnected flanges or shoulders

138
403/337

Axially bolted or riveted

254
403/338

Clamped

155
403/336

Separate flange or shoulder

57
403/341

Interfitted members with external bridging piece

181
403/345

Interfitted members

121
 

Interfitted members

 
403/353

Assembled by plural manipulations of member

406
403/373

Clamped members

281
403/374.1

By wedge or cam

178
403/374.2

Having actuator

154
403/374.5

Lever actuator

99
403/374.3

Threaded actuator

181
403/374.4

Axially oriented

216
403/346

Crossed rods

65
403/347

One rod is encompassed by the other

87
403/354

Diametric end slot is joint component

126
403/381

Enlarged head in complementary recess, e.g., dovetail, etc.

404
403/360

Externally shouldered or headed rod

59
403/376

Including discrete retainer

47
 

Including discrete retainer

 
403/380

For interfitted side faces

59
403/377

For telescoping members

229
 

For telescoping members

 
403/378

Transverse pin

161
 

Transverse pin

 
403/379.3

Bolt, rivet, or screw

68
403/379.6

Expansible retainer

26
403/379.2

Having means to prevent removal of retainer

47
403/379.1

Multiple retainers

25
403/379.5

Sliding pin

75
403/379.4

Wedge pin

67
403/355

Including separably interposed key

126
403/356

Axially extending

130
403/358

Longitudinally stepped or tapered

51
403/357

Resilient

54
403/362

Including set screw

312
403/364

Interdigitated ends

170
403/363

Interfitted angle or channel bars

118
403/359.1

Longitudinally splined or fluted rod

118
403/359.5

Including a lock or retainer

179
403/359.4

Including a means, e.g., spring biased portion, for misalignment correction

31
403/359.3

Rod designed to be manipulable, e.g., twistable, within coupling for quick disconnect

24
403/359.6

Specific angle or shape of rib, key, groove, or shoulder

167
403/359.2

Splayed or having a cam surface for anti-backlash

59
403/348

Lugged member, rotary engagement

442
403/349

Bayonet joint

295
403/383

Non-circular rod section is joint component

162
403/375

Peripheral enlargement, depression, or slot on one member is joint component

221
403/365

Radially interposed shim or bushing

142
403/366

Biased by distinct radially acting means

49
403/372

Resilient

207
403/367

Wedging or camming

104
403/368

Engaged by axial movement

129
403/369

Plural, circumferentially related shims between members

136
403/371

Split or slotted bushing

248
403/370

Threaded actuator

322
403/382

Rigid angle

127
403/350

Rotary binding cam or wedge

144
403/351

Radially interposed shim or bushing

75
403/352

Arcuate slip

25
403/361

Socket

274
403/185

Joint involving plural layers of single rod

9
403/49

Laterally related members connected by latch means, e.g., scaffold connectors

146
403/186

Laterally related rods independently joined to transverse surface

18
403/DIG.3

Load-responsive release

52
 

Lockable at fixed position

 
403/DIG.1

Magnetic

99
403/321

Manually releaseable latch type

311
403/322.1

Having operating mechanism

267
403/322.2

Ball detent

195
403/322.4

Lever

214
403/322.3

Remotely actuated

167
403/325

Spring biased manipulator

459
403/323

Swiveled bolt

52
403/324

Transversely sliding pin

223
403/274

Member deformed in situ

182
403/285

Both members deformed

96
403/283

By piercing

102
403/278

By separate, deformable element

58
403/279

Deformation occurs simultaneously with action of separate, diverse function, joint component

90
403/282

Deformation occurs simultaneously with assembly

371
403/280

Deforming component is inserted section

76
403/284

Diverse resistance to lateral deforming force

73
403/277

Inner member is expanded by longitudinally inserted element

93
403/276

Interposed deforming element contacts socket bottom

10
403/281

Separate deforming means remains with joint assembly

58
403/275

Separating element between strands of member

51
403/292

Member ends joined by inserted section

360
403/295

Angle section

164
403/297

Expansible section

291
403/293

Externally bridged

116
403/298

Fluted or splined section

166
403/294

Laterally inserted section

201
403/296

Section threaded to member

108
403/DIG.2

Metal treatment

2
403/410

Miscellaneous

20
403/401

Miter joint

111
403/402

Connector bridges inner or outer periphery

190
403/265

Molded joint

147
403/266

And independent connection

51
403/270

Fusion bond, e.g., weld, etc.

142
403/271

Metallic fusion material

127
403/272

Added bonding material, e.g., solder, braze, etc.

118
403/267

Including mechanical interlock

179
403/269

Member cast in situ

81
403/268

Socket or open cup for bonding material

177
403/40

Non-adhering fluent material at joint

7
403/404

Particular configuration or material of member

177
403/DIG.4

Quick release

54
403/DIG.8

Radially acting cam or eccentric

63
403/202

Radially spaced members joined by independent coupling

21
403/203

Flexible intermediate member

31
403/DIG.10

Readily disengageable panel joints

27
403/DIG.6

Reciprocable ball detent

28
403/DIG.14

Resilient cinch, locking-catch or retainer type

61
403/205

Rigid angle coupling, e.g., elbow or u, etc.

206
403/403

Rigid angle

448
403/230

Rod end to transverse side of member

195
403/231

Corner joint

510
403/262

Flange on rod bolted to side

70
403/238

Gland type

18
403/239

Rod and side gripped simultaneously by single actuation

9
403/237

Including saddle

79
403/245

Integral transverse projection on side, e.g., necked, etc.

82
403/246

From rod side

79
403/243

Radially interposed, side-engaging shim or bushing

33
403/242

Rod and side deformingly interlocked

60
403/240

Rod clamped to hole edge

27
403/263

Rod received in recessed side, e.g., socket or tapered opening, etc.

149
403/241

Rod to open edge of side, e.g., wrap-around connection

24
403/244

Socket formed by shaping or deforming side

19
403/232.1

Stirrup

197
403/233

Structure attached to rod end encompasses side

61
403/234

Clamped saddle

91
403/235

Yoke or ring

61
403/236

Having radial screw at bight

20
403/264

Utilizing internal rod structure

48
403/247

Utilizing opposite sides of member

29
403/256

Clamped member

114
403/259

Between rod shoulder and terminal nut

134
403/260

Bolted through member

156
403/258

Bolted to rod

89
403/257

Clamping component engages recessed side

51
403/261

Coaxial collar or shoulder or rod is clamp element

127
403/252

Inserted, blind-side-engaging, retaining portion on rod

164
403/248

Rod is expanded by component inserted from distal side

55
403/251

Barbed component

12
403/250

Plural contacting components

3
403/249

Separate and deformable component

6
403/253

Stepped or tapered recess in side

30
403/254

Terminal, rod-attached retainer engages distal side

99
403/255

Inserted into rod

89
403/384

Rod side to plate or side

90
403/385

Connected by double clamp

133
403/392

Connected by flexible tie

23
403/400

Crossed rods

158
403/394

Diagonal connector

20
403/387

Flanged or grooved rod

123
403/393

Lapped rod ends

108
403/389

Laterally spaced rods

118
403/390

By separable shim or bushing in connector

40
403/391

Plural channels in connector

166
403/395

One rod held between bight and other rod extending through aperture in leg of connector

27
403/397

Resilient clip

196
403/386

Shackle is integral with or independently attached to proximate side of plate or other side

74
403/388

Traversed by connector

221
403/396

Two rods encompassed by single connector

135
403/398

Yoke or ring-type connector

66
403/399

Rod received in open channel

75
403/187

Rod to member to side, e.g., plate, rod side, etc.

134
403/190

Arcuate or multiplanar side

45
403/191

Encompassed side

86
403/201

Intermediate member extends completely through side

35
403/192

Intermediate member includes tubular part

62
403/194

Intermediate member extends through side

42
403/197

Rod also extends through side

83
403/195

Split or divided tubular part and coacting compressor

46
403/196

Transverse clamp secures rod and tubular part

25
403/199

Intermediate member secured to side by radial flange

60
403/200

Internally threaded tubular part

25
403/198

Oblique rod

7
403/193

Side or tubular part deformed in situ

13
403/188

Rod side to member to side

102
403/189

Unilateral of side

58
403/43

Rotarily connected, differentially translatable members, e.g., turn-buckle, etc.

92
403/47

Differential pitch, similar hand

18
403/48

Externally threaded actuator

19
403/46

Having locking means

65
403/45

Having operating mechanism

26
403/44

Having tool-engaging means or operating handle

41
403/339

Scarf

52
403/340

Mirror images

90
403/343

Screw or cam

241
403/3

Selectively assembled, e.g., convertible, etc.

157
403/4

Selective orientation

250
403/1

Selectively engageable hub to shaft connection

133
403/273

Shrunk fit

156
403/331

Side slide: elongated co-linear members

176
403/DIG.15

Splice plates for co-linear members

33
403/289

Split end with laterally movable opposed portions

93
403/290

With separate force-applying means

193
403/DIG.7

Split ring stop or abutment

61
403/24

Structurally installed in diverse art device

409
403/25

Head or base

13
403/342

Thimble: screw or cam

74
403/299

Thread adaptor

126
403/217

Three or more members connected at single locus

293
403/218

All encompassed

106
403/219

Mutually contacting

64
403/180

Three or more serial joints, at least one diverse

15
403/181

Nonaligned axes

6
403/182

Separable intermediate joint

14
403/183

Axially acting connector

6
403/184

Screw or cam

5
403/167

Transverse rod to spaced plate surfaces

58
403/168

Retainer utilizes or abuts plural plates

38
403/28

Utilizing thermal characteristic, e.g., expansion or contraction, etc.

164
403/29

Interposed material of intermediate coefficient of expansion

51
403/30

Members having different coefficients of expansion

133
403/11

With adjunctive protector, broken parts retainer, repair, assembly or disassembly feature

195
403/16

Back-off means, e.g., separator, etc.

124
403/17

Handle or handwheel

27
403/18

Actuates retainer or blocker

17
403/12

Holding means or protector functioning only during transportation, assembly or disassembly

164
403/22

Means to lock bolt or nut when other is turned

74
403/13

Position or guide means

303
403/14

Related to joint component

212
403/21

Releasably captive nut or bolt

84
403/19

Tool-engaging or accommodating means or with tool

87
403/20

For latch or retainer

52
403/15

Utilizing fluid pressure

92
403/23

With adjunctive shield

75
403/32

With ambient condition responsive control means

36
403/34

With distinct fluid or article handling or directing feature

46
403/35

External reservoir

10
403/37

Including port or reservoir communicating with joint

44
403/38

Articulated member

23
403/39

At joint interface

38
403/36

Pressure fitting

25
403/31

With fluid pressure responsive component

170
403/33

With independent handle or operator

22
403/27

With indicator or inspection means

128
403/6

With opening for access to connector or operator

45
403/9

To biased component

19
403/7

To threaded component

50
403/8

Transverse to thread axis

29
403/41

With strain-limiting means

65
 
 
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