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Class Information
Number: 205
Name: Electrolysis: processes, compositions used therein, and methods of preparing the compositions >
Description:










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
205/67

Electroforming or composition therefor

193
205/78

Electrical product

73
205/71

Mirror or reflector

12
205/70

Mold, mask, or masterform

145
205/79

Optical element

31
205/72

Ornamental article

18
205/75

Perforated or foraminous article

138
205/74

Powder, flakes, or colloidal particles

52
205/69

Printing plate or electrotype

31
205/68

Recording device

74
205/73

Roll, ring, or hollow body

123
205/76

Sheet, web, wire, or filament

85
205/77

Of indeterminate length

103
205/775

Electrolytic analysis or testing (process and electrolyte composition)

471
205/781.5

For alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, or compound thereof

85
205/790

For composition of metal or metal alloy

42
205/775.5

For corrosion

137
205/776.5

Of coating, coated substrate, or imbedded object

60
205/777

Of ferrous metal

61
205/776

Testing by internal battery action

26
205/778.5

For halogen or halogen containing compound

61
205/779.5

Gaseous halogen or halogen containing compound

51
205/779

In biological fluid (e.g., urine, etc.)

53
205/780

Using electrode containing precious metal or free carbon

52
205/789

For ion concentration (e.g., ion activity, pka, etc.)

149
205/789.5

Cations

107
205/780.5

For nitrogen or nitrogen containing compound

124
205/781

Including nitrogen oxide (e.g., gaseous nitrogen dioxide, dissolved sodium nitrate, etc.)

225
205/787

For organic compound

193
205/782

For oxygen or oxygen containing compound (except water)

123
205/785.5

Gaseous oxygen or oxygen containing compound

67
205/786

Using electrode containing precious metal or free carbon

50
205/782.5

Using semipermeable membrane

136
205/783

Gaseous oxygen or oxygen containing compound

117
205/783.5

Using solid electrolyte

82
205/784

Gaseous oxygen or oxygen containing compound

153
205/784.5

In combustible gas (e.g., air/fuel mixture for internal combustion engine, etc.)

153
205/785

With heating or temperature sensing

87
205/787.5

For ph

133
205/790.5

For properties of solid material (e.g., surface area, etc.)

42
205/791.5

Defects

41
205/791

Of coating or coated substrate (e.g., thickness, bonding strength, etc.)

57
205/786.5

For sulfur or sulfur containing compound

92
205/788

For water (e.g., moisture, etc.)

66
205/788.5

Including titration

45
205/777.5

Involving enzyme or micro-organism

722
205/778

And using semipermeable membrane

279
205/792

Of biological material (e.g., urine, etc.)

404
205/793.5

Tracking chemical reactions

80
205/794

Coating (e.g., electroless, etc.)

43
205/794.5

Using electrode containing precious metal or free carbon

88
205/792.5

Using ion exchange resin

17
205/793

Using semipermeable membrane

85
205/80

Electrolytic coating (process, composition and method of preparing composition)

138
205/148

Agitating or moving electrolyte during coating

224
205/147

Applying current to substrate without mechanical contact (e.g., liquid contact, bipolar electrode, etc.)

56
205/158

Coating a substrate predominantly comprised of nonconductive material to which conductive material or material which can be converted into conductive material has been added (e.g., nonconductive polymer substrate containing carbon or copper oxide particles, etc.)

58
205/109

Coating contains embedded solid material (e.g., particles, etc.)

248
205/110

Abrasive article produced

55
205/95

Coating has specified thickness variation

44
205/111

Coating is dendritic or nodular

91
205/112

Coating is discontinuous single metal or alloy layer (e.g., islands, porous layer, etc.)

75
205/113

Coating is microcracked

23
205/137

Coating moving substrate

156
205/138

Indeterminate length (e.g., strip, wire, fiber, etc.)

236
205/142

Chromium-containing coating

25
205/139

Predominantly aluminum substrate

69
205/140

Tin-containing coating

44
205/141

Zinc-containing coating

74
205/146

Reciprocating substrate

17
205/143

Rotary (e.g., barrel plating, etc.)

135
205/145

Simultaneous or sequential coating of a plurality of separate articles

86
205/144

Utilizing fluidized bed (e.g., coating particles, flakes, granules, etc.)

22
205/159

Coating predominantly nonmetal substrate

187
205/162

Ceramic or glass substrate

107
205/163

Conductive material applied to substrate by painting, spraying, or immersion (e.g., electroless plating, etc.)

76
205/160

Fabric substrate

20
205/161

Perforated, foraminous, or permeable substrate

51
205/164

Synthetic resin substrate

134
205/166

Conductive material applied to substrate by painting, spraying, or immersion

72
205/167

Conductive material applied to substrate by plating from bath containing metal ions and reducing agent (e.g., electroless plating, etc.)

91
205/169

Conductive material is copper or nickel

67
205/168

Resin contains etchable filler

15
205/165

Conductive material applied to substrate by vacuum or vapor deposition

40
205/157

Coating predominantly semiconductor substrate (e.g., silicon, compound semiconductor, etc.)

335
205/149

Coating predominantly single metal or alloy substrate of specified shape

148
205/151

Cylinder, roll, or hollow article

113
205/150

Perforated, foraminous, or permeable substrate

92
205/152

Sheet, plate, or foil

105
205/156

Chromium-containing coating

36
205/153

Predominantly aluminum substrate

89
205/154

Tin-containing coating

33
205/155

Zinc-containing coating

64
205/118

Coating selected area

474
205/119

Depositing ferromagnetic coating or coating ferromagnetic substrate

134
205/120

Design or ornamental article produced

46
205/121

Predominantly nonmetal electrolytic coating (e.g., anodic oxide, etc.)

31
205/133

Directing electrolyte to selected area (e.g., jet plating, etc.)

106
205/131

Internal coating (e.g., coating inside of cylinder, etc.)

109
205/132

Moving counterelectrode

12
205/134

Partially submerging substrate in bath

36
205/129

Selectively coating moving substrate of indeterminate length (e.g., strip, wire, fiber, etc.)

69
205/130

Completely coating one side of strip

66
205/128

Simultaneous or sequential coating of a plurality of separate articles

107
205/122

Specified product produced

478
205/125

Product is circuit board or printed circuit

580
205/126

Electroless coating from bath containing metal ions and reducing agent prior to electrolytic coating

169
205/127

Product is printing member

49
205/123

Product is semiconductor or includes semiconductor

437
205/124

Predominantly nonmetal electrolytic coating (e.g., anodic oxide, etc.)

109
205/136

Utilizing means other than mask

98
205/135

Utilizing specified mask material

146
205/93

Contacting coating as it forms with solid member or material other than electrode

55
205/96

Controlling current distribution within bath

211
205/97

Shaped counterelectrode

59
205/238

Depositing predominantly alloy coating

136
205/243

Chromium is predominant constituent

66
205/239

Copper-containing alloy

92
205/242

Including noble metal (e.g., gold-copper-cadmium alloy, etc.)

50
205/241

Including tin (e.g., bronze, etc.)

67
205/240

Including zinc (e.g., brass, etc.)

46
205/247

Gold is predominant constituent

63
205/251

Including arsenic, indium, or thallium

26
205/250

Including iron group metal

40
205/249

Utilizing phosphonic or phosphinic acid or derivative-containing bath

11
205/248

Utilizing sulfite-containing bath

17
205/255

Group viii metal is predominant constituent (i.e., fe, co, ni, pt, pd, rh, ru, ir, or os)

182
205/258

Phosphorus-containing alloy

67
205/257

Platinum group metal-containing alloy (i.e., contains pt, pd, rh, ru, ir, or os)

92
205/259

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

108
205/260

Organic sulfoxy-containing

65
205/256

Utilizing specified anode

26
205/252

Tin, lead, or germanium is predominant constituent

88
205/253

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

114
205/254

Organic sulfoxy-containing

85
205/244

Zinc is predominant constituent

87
205/245

Including iron group metal (i.e., fe, co, or ni)

80
205/246

Nickel

86
205/261

Depositing predominantly single metal coating

106
205/315

Antimony

6
205/281

Cadmium

21
205/282

Utilizing inorganic cyanide-containing bath

9
205/283

Chromium

60
205/285

Colored chromium coating

8
205/286

Utilizing inorganic fluorine-containing bath

27
205/290

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

67
205/284

Utilizing specified anode

31
205/287

Utilizing trivalent chromium-containing bath

45
205/289

Organic carboxyl compound-containing

32
205/288

Thiocyanate-containing

14
205/269

Cobalt

44
205/291

Copper

195
205/295

Utilizing alkaline bath

29
205/293

Utilizing inorganic cyanide-containing bath

18
205/294

Selenium or tellurium-containing

4
205/296

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

163
205/297

Nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing

51
205/298

And organic sulfur compound-containing

63
205/292

Utilizing specified anode

61
205/266

Gold

69
205/267

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

52
205/268

Inorganic cyanide-containing

27
205/262

Group viib transition metal (i.e., mn, tc, or re)

8
205/270

Iron

39
205/299

Lead

41
205/271

Nickel

133
205/279

Utilizing nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing bath

24
205/280

Utilizing organic carbonyl compound-containing bath

29
205/274

Utilizing organic sulfoxy compound-containing bath

39
205/275

And acetylenic compound-containing

20
205/277

And nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing

15
205/276

And polyether-containing

11
205/278

Utilizing oxygen-heterocyclic compound-containing bath

11
205/272

Utilizing specified anode

21
205/273

Utilizing sulfamate-containing bath

42
205/264

Platinum group metal

89
205/265

Palladium

94
205/263

Silver

95
205/300

Tin

78
205/301

Utilizing alkaline bath

14
205/302

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

91
205/303

Organic carbonyl compound-containing

44
205/304

Aldehyde-containing

44
205/305

Zinc

82
205/309

Utilizing alkaline bath

24
205/310

Nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing

34
205/306

Utilizing inorganic cyanide-containing bath

13
205/307

Nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing

26
205/308

Organic carbonyl compound-containing

26
205/311

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

49
205/312

Nitrogen-heterocyclic compound-containing

41
205/314

Organic carbonyl compound-containing

78
205/313

Organic sulfur compound-containing

62
205/105

Depositing predominantly single metal or alloy coating on nonmetal using specified waveform other than pure dc or 60 hz sine wave ac (e.g., single metal or alloy coating within or above pores of anodic oxide layer, etc.)

69
205/102

Depositing predominantly single metal or alloy coating on single metal or alloy using specified waveform other than pure dc

83
205/104

Nonreversing pulsed current or voltage

161
205/103

Reversing current or voltage

147
205/85

Displacement or replacement coating

57
205/86

Employing internal battery action during coating

20
205/170

Forming multiple superposed electrolytic coatings

250
205/176

At least one alloy coating

208
205/171

At least one anodic coating

117
205/172

Predominantly aluminum substrate

49
205/173

Electrolytically depositing material only within or above pores of anodic coating (e.g., electrolytic coloring, etc.)

82
205/174

Multiple anodic coatings

30
205/175

Multiple anodic coatings

74
205/178

At least one chromium-containing coating

83
205/180

At least one predominantly nickel metal coating

46
205/179

Multiple chromium-containing coatings

41
205/182

At least one predominantly copper metal coating

158
205/181

At least one predominantly nickel metal coating

176
205/177

At least one predominantly zinc metal coating

83
205/191

Forming nonelectrolytic coating after depositing predominantly single metal or alloy electrolytic coating

114
205/193

Nonelectrolytic coating by immersion in bath of molten metal to form predominantly single metal or alloy coating (e.g., hot dipping, etc.)

14
205/192

Nonelectrolytic coating by vacuum or vapor deposition of a predominantly single metal or alloy coating

42
205/194

Nonelectrolytic coating is predominantly nonmetal

50
205/195

Nonelectrolytic coating is ceramic, glass, or vitreous enamel

21
205/197

Nonelectrolytic coating is phosphorus- or chromium-containing (e.g., phosphate, chromate, etc.)

49
205/196

Nonelectrolytic coating is predominantly organic material (e.g., paint, etc.)

78
205/198

Forming nonelectrolytic coating after forming nonmetal electrolytic coating

56
205/199

Electrolytic coating is oxygen-containing (e.g., chromate, silicate, oxide formed by anodizing, etc.)

96
205/201

Predominantly aluminum substrate

140
205/202

Nonelectrolytic coloring (including nonelectrolytic coloring and sealing)

36
205/203

Sealing

51
205/204

Sealing agent includes organic constituent

42
205/200

Predominantly titanium, vanadium zirconium, niobium, hafnium, or tantalum substrate

44
205/183

Forming nonelectrolytic coating before depositing predominantly single metal or alloy electrolytic coating

185
205/184

Nonelectrolytic coating or coatings all contain single metal or alloy

136
205/187

Nonelectrolytic coating by plating from bath containing metal ions and reducing agent (e.g., electroless plating, etc.)

149
205/186

Nonelectrolytic coating by vacuum or vapor deposition

80
205/185

Nonelectrolytic coating from zincate or stannate bath

32
205/188

Forming nonelectrolytic coating before forming nonmetal electrolytic coating

133
205/190

Predominantly aluminum nonelectrolytic coating

31
205/189

Predominantly titanium, vanadium, zirconium, niobium, hafnium, or tantalum nonelectrolytic coating

37
205/106

Forming nonmetal coating using specified waveform other than pure dc or 60 hz sine wave ac (e.g., anodic oxide coating, etc.)

81
205/108

Nonreversing pulsed current or voltage

58
205/107

Reversing current or voltage

66
205/316

Forming nonmetal coating

172
205/319

Chromium-containing coating (e.g., chromate, etc.)

66
205/317

Coating is predominantly organic material

205
205/333

Oxide-containing coating (e.g., lead dioxide, etc.)

203
205/318

Phosphorus-containing coating (e.g., phosphate, etc.)

70
205/323

Predominantly aluminum substrate

50
205/324

Anodizing

200
205/325

Specified alloy substrate

63
205/326

Utilizing alkaline bath

28
205/327

Utilizing chromium-containing bath

12
205/332

Utilizing organic compound-containing bath

88
205/328

Utilizing sulfuric acid-containing bath

53
205/329

Organic compound-containing

17
205/330

Organic carboxyl compound-containing

20
205/331

Organic sulfoxy compound-containing

17
205/320

Predominantly iron or steel substrate

79
205/321

Predominantly magnesium substrate

46
205/322

Predominantly titanium, vanadium, zirconium, niobium, hafnium, or tantalum substrate

112
205/81

Involving measuring, analyzing, or testing

150
205/82

Controlling coating process in response to measured or detected parameter

111
205/83

Parameter is current, current density, or voltage

116
205/84

Parameter is thickness, weight, or composition of coating

65
205/116

Mirror or reflector produced

17
205/115

Repairing

43
205/87

Simultaneous deplating and plating

46
205/220

Treating electrolytic or nonelectrolytic coating after it is formed

201
205/222

Contacting with solid member or material (e.g., buffing, burnishing, polishing, etc.)

119
205/223

Etching of coating

211
205/224

Heating

281
205/227

Single metal or alloy coating on single metal or alloy substrate

87
205/228

Coating is at least partially diffused or forms alloy

140
205/225

Tin-containing coating

31
205/226

Coating is fused (e.g., reflowing, flow brightening, etc.)

63
205/229

Predominantly nonmetal electrolytic coating

142
205/221

Selected area

105
205/98

Treating process fluid by means other than agitation or heating or cooling

65
205/99

Purifying electrolyte

110
205/101

Regenerating or maintaining electrolyte (e.g., self-regulating bath, etc.)

199
205/100

Treating rinse solution (e.g., rinse water, etc.)

25
205/205

Treating substrate prior to coating

192
205/206

Contacting substrate with solid member or material (e.g., polishing, rolling, etc.)

142
205/208

Blasting substrate with particulate material

57
205/207

Heating substrate

19
205/209

Heating substrate other than by contact with liquid

53
205/210

Treating substrate with liquid other than tap water (e.g., for removing foreign material, etching, activating, etc.)

256
205/219

Electrolytic treatment

137
205/211

Liquid is nonaqueous (e.g., hydrocarbon solvent, fused bath, etc.)

28
205/213

Predominantly aluminum substrate

143
205/214

Graining or roughening chemically or electrolytically

110
205/216

Predominantly cobalt or nickel substrate

34
205/215

Predominantly copper, zinc, or tin substrate

66
205/217

Predominantly iron or steel substrate

81
205/218

Steel containing chromium or nickel (e.g., stainless steel, etc.)

21
205/212

Predominantly titanium, vanadium, zirconium, niobium, hafnium, tantalum, molybdenum, or tungsten substrate

64
205/114

Uniting two separate solid materials

61
205/117

Utilizing brush or absorbent applicator

58
205/91

Utilizing electromagnetic wave energy during coating (e.g., visible light, etc.)

68
205/92

Energy produced by laser

22
205/230

Utilizing fused bath

65
205/233

Depositing aluminum coating

11
205/232

Depositing predominantly alloy coating

25
205/231

Reactive coating (e.g., by diffusion, etc.)

21
205/89

Utilizing magnet or magnetic field during coating

25
205/90

Ferromagnetic material deposited

15
205/94

Utilizing mist prevention

11
205/234

Utilizing nonaqueous bath

63
205/235

Coating is predominantly organic material

19
205/236

Depositing predominantly alloy coating

20
205/237

Deposition aluminum coating

36
205/88

Utilizing subatmospheric or superatmospheric pressure during coating

35
205/920

Electrolytic coating of circuit board or printed circuit (other than selected area coating)

51
205/922

Electrolytic coating of magnetic storage medium (other than selected area coating)

25
205/921

Electrolytic coating of printing member (other than selected area coating)

38
205/924

Electrolytic coating substrate predominantly comprised of specified synthetic resin

13
205/928

Abs copolymer

11
205/926

Polyamide or polyimide (e.g., nylon, etc.)

22
205/927

Polyolefin (e.g., polyethylene, polypropylene, etc.)

11
205/925

Synthetic resin is electrically conductive

5
205/915

Electrolytic deposition of semiconductor

28
205/640

Electrolytic erosion of a workpiece for shape or surface change (e.g., etching, polishing, etc.) (process and electrolyte composition)

259
205/671

Agitation or vibration of electrolyte

44
205/665

Aperture making

92
205/672

Defined electrolyte movement or pressure

90
205/674

Electrolyte composition or defined electrolyte

253
205/681

Chromium containing

22
205/683

Cyano compound containing (e.g., hydrogen cyanide, etc.)

11
205/675

Less than 50 weight percent water

32
205/679

More than 20 weight percent chromium compound

2
205/680

More than 20 weight percent of one or more phosphoric acids

27
205/676

More than 20 weight percent organic material

36
205/677

With one or more phosphoric acids

13
205/678

With sulfuric acid

11
205/685

Nitrate containing (e.g., nitric acid, sodium nitrate, etc.)

109
205/684

Organic material containing

110
205/682

Phosphorus containing

72
205/656

Eroding workpiece of nonuniform internal electrical characteristics

148
205/652

Gap maintenance or defined tool-workpiece gap

73
205/654

Moving tool electrode

68
205/653

Using tool electrode with two or more holes for passage of electrolyte

24
205/657

Internal battery action

18
205/668

Local application of electrolyte

78
205/670

Through open nozzle or flow-through piping (e.g., unsupported jet, etc.)

56
205/669

Using surface tension or capillary action to hold electrolyte in contact with workpiece

8
205/686

Moving tool electrode

97
205/660

Preliminary cleaning or shaping of workpiece

85
205/661

Nonelectrolytic (e.g., mechanical grinding, milling, machining, etc.)

96
205/673

Regenerating or rehabilitating, per se, of electrolyte

30
205/664

Sharpening or point making

32
205/658

Simple alternating current

112
205/659

Plural separate currents or voltages applied

47
205/666

Using mask

124
205/667

Of photoresist or radiation resist

53
205/641

With control responsive to sensed condition

66
205/644

In response to sensed voltage or current

46
205/642

To adjust voltage across or size of tool-workpiece gap

23
205/643

In response to sensed voltage

19
205/655

With irradiation or illumination

69
205/645

With measuring, testing, or sensing

80
205/662

With mechanical abrasion or grinding

88
205/663

Rotating tool or workpiece

93
205/646

With programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control

87
205/650

Cleaning, recycling, or reusing electrolyte

19
205/649

Eroding workpiece to match nonplanar surface shape of tool electrode

31
205/647

Including nonelectrolytic erosion

22
205/651

Moving tool or workpiece

59
205/648

Using diverse-type tool electrodes

11
205/52

Electrolytic marking or composition therefor

15
205/53

Utilizing inorganic color-forming material other than carbon

16
205/54

Utilizing organic color-forming material

14
205/55

Heterocyclic color-forming material

22
205/56

Hydroxyl or carboxyl group-containing color-forming material

6
205/687

Electrolytic material treatment (product, process, and electrolyte composition)

204
205/762

Alkali-forming metal hydroxide

9
205/763

Gas, vapor, or critical fluid

58
205/764

Internal battery action

12
205/765

Using solid electrolyte

47
205/704

Metal or metal alloy

107
205/741

Containing iron

39
205/724

Object protection

93
205/735

Ferrous metal

64
205/736

Stainless steel

21
205/737

Using anode containing free carbon (e.g., graphite, carbon fibers, etc.)

16
205/730

Internal battery action (e.g., using sacrificial anode, etc.)

103
205/731

Ferrous metal

62
205/732

Using anode containing aluminum

51
205/733

Using anode containing magnesium

56
205/734

Metal imbedded in asphalt, concrete, stone, or masonry, (e.g., reinforced concrete, etc.)

141
205/739

Using anode containing free carbon (e.g., graphite, carbon fibers, etc.)

20
205/738

Using anode containing precious metal

28
205/740

Vessel (e.g., ship hull, steam boiler, etc.)

129
205/725

With control responsive to sensed condition

51
205/726

Current sensed

32
205/727

Voltage sensed

44
205/728

And programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control

21
205/729

With programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control

30
205/705

Removing foreign material (e.g., cleaning, etc.)

117
205/717

Entire identifiable elemental layer or portion removed (e.g., stripping, etc.)

101
205/721

Copper removed

30
205/720

Nickel removed

23
205/718

Precious metal removed

22
205/719

Tin removed

11
205/706

Internal battery action

18
205/707

From precious metal or precious metal alloy

4
205/708

Using anode containing aluminum

2
205/712

Nonelemental material from ferrous metal

44
205/714

Using acidic electrolyte

24
205/716

Containing nitric acid

6
205/715

Containing one or more phosphoric acids

4
205/713

Using fused bath (e.g., molten salt, etc.)

2
205/723

Using acidic electrolyte

60
205/722

Using electrolyte containing surface active agent (e.g., foaming or wetting agent, etc.)

20
205/710

With changing current

37
205/711

Simple alternating current

24
205/709

With solid-workpiece moving contact (e.g., brushing, etc.)

20
205/688

Organic

222
205/701

Biological (e.g., sterilizing, etc.)

196
205/700

Bleaching

5
205/698

Cellulosic

13
205/689

Fibrous

19
205/690

Bleaching

11
205/693

Cleaning or refining

8
205/691

Dyeing

6
205/692

Hides or skins

2
205/694

Protection

2
205/695

Oil or fat

31
205/696

Hydrocarbon oil

52
205/702

Removing metal

55
205/699

Rubber or latex

5
205/697

Sugar

8
205/703

Using membrane

72
205/771

Removing metal

104
205/772

Copper

31
205/766

Solid (e.g., articles, particles, ore, etc.)

117
205/768

Containing free carbon (e.g., graphite, carbon black, etc.)

42
205/767

Containing precious metal (e.g., beneficiating ore, etc.)

9
205/769

Glass, silica, quartz, or optical material (e.g., contact lenses, etc.)

31
205/770

Using membrane

92
205/742

Water, sewage, or other waste water

307
205/745

Internal battery action

65
205/759

Using coated electrode (e.g., having electrocatalytic coating, etc.)

69
205/761

Using electrode containing ferrous metal

76
205/760

Using electrode containing precious metal or free carbon (e.g, insoluble electrode, etc.)

96
205/746

Using membrane

176
205/748

Plural membranes

40
205/749

With recycle or reuse

33
205/750

Removing metal

50
205/747

With filtering

36
205/753

Using particle bed

44
205/754

As electrode

41
205/758

Using porous electrode (e.g., perforated, etc.)

70
205/743

With control responsive to sensed condition

94
205/751

With filtering

118
205/752

And treatment with oxygen or ozone

31
205/755

With mixing, agitating, or gas-liquid contacting

83
205/757

Bubbling (e.g., for flotation of solids, etc.)

59
205/756

Using oxygenating gas (e.g., ozone, air, etc.)

103
205/744

With programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control

69
205/43

Electrolytic process involving actinide series elements or compound (at. no. 89+) (product, process, composition, and method of preparing composition)

45
205/44

Plutonium

49
205/45

Thorium

9
205/46

Uranium

44
205/48

Involving electrolytic coating, etching, or polishing

12
205/49

Uranium containing compound produced

27
205/47

Utilizing fused bath

43
205/334

Electrolytic synthesis (process, composition, and method of preparing composition)

73
205/412

Heating or cooling electrolyte or bath in production cell during synthesis except in fused bath

36
205/343

Involving fuel cell

99
205/335

Involving measuring, analyzing, or testing during synthesis

91
205/337

Current, current density, or voltage

93
205/336

Utilizing fused bath (e.g., eliminating anode effect in a fused bath, etc.)

67
205/557

Preparing alloy

34
205/558

Amalgam produced (e.g., utilizing mercury or amalgam electrode during synthesis, etc.)

10
205/559

Precious metal containing (ru, rh, pd, os, ir, pt, ag, or au)

8
205/464

Preparing inorganic compound

79
205/555

Carbon containing compound produced

73
205/556

Halogen containing compound produced

135
205/477

Metal containing compound produced

37
205/478

Carbon containing

12
205/480

Carbonate or bicarbonate

13
205/482

Alkali metal containing

9
205/481

Lead containing

0
205/479

Cyanide

9
205/483

Chromium containing

15
205/484

Chromate

5
205/485

Alkali metal containing

5
205/486

Chromic acid

13
205/487

Utilizing specified electrode

4
205/547

Germanium, tin, or lead containing

5
205/498

Halogen containing

34
205/507

Copper, silver, or gold containing (cu, ag, or au)

11
205/506

Germanium, tin, or lead containing (ge, sn, or pb)

1
205/499

Oxygen containing

27
205/502

Chlorate

12
205/503

Alkali metal containing

73
205/505

Utilizing coated electrode

23
205/504

Utilizing graphite or inorganic carbon containing electrode

2
205/500

Hypochlorite or chlorite

68
205/501

Utilizing tubular or coated electrode

15
205/546

Hydrate

2
205/508

Hydroxide

54
205/510

Alkali metal containing

100
205/516

And elemental halogen produced

119
205/537

Controlling electrolyte flow other than by flow through a diaphragm or membrane

18
205/536

Treating electrolyte or bath material prior to synthesis other than heating, cooling, or replacing consumed material during synthesis

85
205/526

Utilizing specified electrode (e.g., rod, cylinder, etc.)

31
205/530

Concentrically arranged electrodes

4
205/531

Foraminous or perforated (e.g., mesh, screen, etc.)

63
205/532

Laminated or coated

54
205/533

Polymer or graphite or inorganic carbon containing coating

15
205/534

Raney metal containing coating (e.g., ni-al alloy, etc.)

16
205/535

Valve metal containing electrode substrate (i.e., ta, nb, hf, zr, ti, v, w, be, or al)

41
205/527

Mercury or amalgam cathode

28
205/529

Purifying the cathode

5
205/528

Specified anode composition

6
205/517

Utilizing structurally defined diaphragm or membrane or diaphragm or membrane other than nonstructurally defined single layer cation exchange membrane having single-type cation exchange groups (e.g., anion exchange membrane, etc.)

59
205/518

Asbestos containing

20
205/519

And polymer containing

27
205/523

Diaphragm or membrane having a specified porosity

13
205/524

Diaphragm or membrane having nonelectrode layer bonded thereto or embedded therein

42
205/525

Electrode bonded diaphragm or membrane

58
205/520

Membrane having two or more different ion exchange groups in a single layer

30
205/521

Multilayered membrane

58
205/522

Roughened membrane

7
205/512

Potassium hydroxide produced

79
205/514

Utilizing cell having three or more compartments or units

21
205/515

Including gas compartment

15
205/513

Utilizing filter press cell configuration

21
205/511

Utilizing bipolar electrode

46
205/509

Group viii metal containing

27
205/548

Iron, cobalt, or nickel containing

12
205/491

Nitrogen containing

10
205/493

Nitrate

5
205/492

Nitrite

2
205/538

Oxide

36
205/545

Copper, silver, gold, zinc, cadium, or mercury containing (cu, ag, au, zn, cd, or hg)

13
205/544

Germanium, tin, or lead containing

12
205/543

Group viii metal containing

17
205/539

Manganese containing

29
205/540

And elemental zinc or elemental manganese produced

12
205/541

Utilizing specified electrode

8
205/542

Titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, or tantalum containing (ti, zr, hf, v, nb, or ta)

15
205/488

Phosphorus containing

5
205/489

Phosphate

2
205/490

Alkali or alkaline earth metal, beryllium, or magnesium containing

5
205/494

Sulfur containing (e.g., sulfide, etc.)

20
205/496

Sulfate or bisulfate

25
205/497

Group viii metal, lead, or copper containing (fe, co, ni, ru, rh, pd, os, ir, pt, pb, or cu)

5
205/495

Sulfite, bisulfite, or dithionite

11
205/551

Nitrogen containing compound produced

34
205/552

Ammonia

25
205/553

Nitric acid or oxide of nitrogen

23
205/473

Perhalogen acid or salt thereof produced

9
205/474

Perchlorate or perchloric acid

18
205/475

Permanganate produced

4
205/476

Potassium containing

2
205/465

Peroxy compound produced

16
205/469

Boron containing

1
205/466

Hydrogen peroxide

68
205/468

Utilizing inorganic carbon containing electrode

25
205/467

Utilizing mercury or amalgam electrode

0
205/470

Phosphorus containing

5
205/471

Sulfur containing

26
205/472

Utilizing specified electrode

16
205/549

Silicon, boron, or phosphorus containing compound produced

22
205/550

Phosphine

1
205/554

Sulfur containing compound produced

67
205/615

Preparing nonmetal element

31
205/627

Deuterium or tritium produced

13
205/618

Halogen produced

83
205/620

Chlorine and hydrogen produced

103
205/621

Utilizing specified metal or alloy cathode

21
205/619

Fluorine, bromine, or iodine produced

55
205/622

Utilizing specified electrode other than graphite or inorganic carbon

23
205/625

Coated electrode

27
205/624

Diaphragm or membrane bonded electrode

20
205/623

Mercury or amalgam cathode

3
205/637

Hydrogen produced

242
205/638

Utilizing specified electrode

87
205/639

Specified single metal or alloy

53
205/628

Oxygen and hydrogen produced

231
205/629

Utilizing inorganic solid electrolyte

33
205/630

Utilizing specified electrode

70
205/631

Specified single metal or alloy

16
205/632

Group viii metal

16
205/633

Oxygen produced

90
205/636

Utilizing group viii metal alloy electrode

19
205/634

Utilizing inorganic solid electrolyte

54
205/635

Utilizing nonmetal containing electrode

35
205/626

Ozone produced

47
205/617

Sulfur or nitrogen produced

47
205/616

Utilizing bipolar electrode

24
205/413

Preparing organic compound

87
205/450

Alcohol or alcoholate produced

63
205/452

By electrolytic oxidation only

39
205/453

Carbocyclic ring containing

23
205/454

Four or more hydroxy groups

7
205/451

Halogen containing

14
205/448

Aldehyde produced

21
205/449

By electrolytic oxidation only

32
205/430

By fluorination of organic compound other than hydrocarbon or halogenated hydrocarbon

40
205/414

By polymerization

49
205/415

By dimerization

20
205/418

Carbonyl or hydroxy containing dimer produced

15
205/416

Nitrogen containing dimer produced

15
205/417

Adiponitrile

19
205/419

From ring containing reactant

84
205/463

Carbocyclic ring containing

25
205/421

Carbohydrate or derivative containing compound produced (e.g., streptomycin, etc.)

13
205/439

Carbonate or peroxy compound produced

14
205/440

Carboxylic acid or derivative produced

97
205/442

Carbocyclic ring containing

26
205/443

Carbonyl or hydroxy group containing other than as part of the carboxylic acid or derivative

29
205/441

Carboxylic acid ester produced

52
205/429

Cyclopentanohydrophenanthrene ring system containing compound produced (e.g., steroids, etc.)

5
205/459

Halogen containing compound produced

22
205/461

Acyclic

16
205/460

Fluorine containing

32
205/422

Heterocyclic compound produced

33
205/423

Nitrogen containing hetero ring

43
205/424

Polycyclo ring system having the hetero ring as one of the cyclos

31
205/425

Diverse hetero atoms in the polycyclo ring system

32
205/426

The hetero ring is six-membered

54
205/427

Oxygen containing hetero ring

41
205/428

The hetero ring is three-membered

24
205/462

Hydrocarbon produced

61
205/446

Ketone produced

25
205/447

By electrolytic oxidation only

38
205/457

Metal containing compound produced

33
205/458

Lead containing

4
205/431

Nitrogen containing compound produced

56
205/435

-coo- group containing

43
205/438

Carbocyclic ring containing

25
205/433

Carbon triple bonded to nitrogen

24
205/434

Carboxamide

19
205/432

Nitrogen bonded to nitrogen

12
205/436

Oxygen containing

35
205/437

Hydroxy containing

39
205/455

Oxygen containing compound produced

55
205/456

Carbocyclic ring containing

38
205/420

Silicon, boron, or phosphours containing compound produced

33
205/444

Sulfur containing compound produced

31
205/445

Oxygen containing

37
205/560

Preparing single metal

166
205/563

Arsenic, antimony, or bismuth produced (as, sb, or bi)

28
205/572

Chromium produced

34
205/574

Copper produced

102
205/585

Bath contains organic material

35
205/580

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

56
205/582

Utilizing halogen containing material

42
205/581

Utilizing organic material

84
205/583

Utilizing sulfur containing material

49
205/584

Recycling electrolyte or bath material back to production cell after synthesis

49
205/586

Purifying or treating electrolyte or bath prior to or after synthesis

43
205/575

Utilizing specified electrode other than consumable copper containing electrode

69
205/576

Specified anode

53
205/577

Elemental carbon containing (e.g., graphite, etc.)

11
205/579

Iron, cobalt, or nickel containing

12
205/578

Lead containing

19
205/564

Gallium, germanium, indium, vanadium, or molybdenum produced

47
205/587

Ion, cobalt, or nickel produced

55
205/589

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

36
205/593

Of iron

6
205/591

Utilizing halogen containing material

20
205/592

Of iron

6
205/590

Utilizing organic material

26
205/594

Nickel

44
205/595

Bath contains organic material

12
205/596

Bath ph below 5

12
205/588

Specified anode other than consumable iron, cobalt, or nickel containing

32
205/597

Lead produced

25
205/601

Bath contains organic material

13
205/599

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

20
205/600

Utilizing halogen containing material

19
205/598

Utilizing specified electrode other than consumable lead containing electrode

30
205/573

Manganese produced

36
205/562

Mercury produced

23
205/565

Precious metal produced

30
205/568

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

27
205/570

Utilizing halogen containing material

23
205/569

Utilizing nitrogen containing material

32
205/571

Silver or gold

102
205/566

Utilizing specified electrode other than consumable precious metal containing electrode

54
205/567

Alloy electrode

12
205/610

Tin produced

22
205/614

Bath contains silicon or organic material

10
205/611

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

9
205/612

Utilizing halogen containing material

2
205/613

Utilizing sulfur containing material

4
205/561

Utilizing bipolar electrode

12
205/602

Zinc produced

74
205/609

Bath contains silver, strontium, or organic material

8
205/604

Leaching, dissolving, or extracting prior to synthesis

22
205/606

Utilizing halogen containing material

24
205/605

Utilizing organic material

26
205/607

Utilizing sulfur containing material

39
205/608

Removing iron or iron containing material

21
205/603

Utilizing specified electrode other than consumable zinc containing electrode

55
205/349

Recycling electrolytic product produced during synthesis back to production cell

59
205/350

Treating electrode, diaphram, or membrane during synthesis (e.g., corrosion prevention, etc.)

68
205/351

Treating electrolyte or bath without removal from cell other than agitating, moving, regenerating, replenishing, or replacing consumed material during synthesis

24
205/341

Utilizing ac or specified wave form other than pure dc

47
205/342

Reversing nonpulsed current or voltage

40
205/344

Utilizing bipolar membrane

25
205/353

Utilizing electrolyte system having two or more separate immiscible layers

21
205/340

Utilizing electromagnetic wave energy during synthesis (e.g., visible light, etc.)

97
205/352

Utilizing emulsion, dispersion, or suspension electrolyte system

50
205/348

Utilizing fluidized bed or particulate electrode

54
205/354

Utilizing fused bath

48
205/363

Alloy produced

34
205/365

Iron, cobalt, or nickel containing

12
205/366

Lead, zinc, titanium, zirconium, or hafnium containing

15
205/364

Silicon or aluminum containing

23
205/411

Halogen produced

53
205/357

Inorganic compound produced

12
205/359

Halogen containing

27
205/360

Nitrogen containing

17
205/362

Oxygen containing

22
205/358

Silicon, boron, or phosphorus containing

17
205/361

Sulfur containing

5
205/355

Organic compound produced

3
205/356

Halogen containing

2
205/410

Silicon, boron, or phosphorus produced

19
205/367

Single metal produced

69
205/406

Alkali metal (li, na, k, rb, cs, or fr)

24
205/407

Lithium, sodium, or potassium

46
205/408

Sodium

26
205/409

Bath contains halide other than sodium chloride

26
205/402

Alkaline earth metal, beryllium, or magnesium

14
205/403

Beryllium

5
205/404

Magnesium

52
205/405

Bath contains alkali metal or fluorine containing compound

21
205/372

Aluminum

106
205/376

Agitating or moving electrolyte or bath during synthesis

21
205/373

And elemental alkali or alkaline earth metal, magnesium, beryllium, or nonmetal element other than halogen produced

9
205/394

Bath contains fluorine or bromine containing compound other than cryolite (na3alf6)

43
205/395

Fluorine or bromine containing compound contains alkaline earth metal, beryllium, or magnesium (ca, sr, ba, ra, be, or mg)

21
205/391

Collecting or controlling fumes or gases produced during synthesis

32
205/390

Involving specific process startup other than mere turn on

16
205/393

Purifying or treating electrolyte or bath prior to or after synthesis

21
205/389

Specific replenishing, replacing, or feeding of consumable electrode material

38
205/388

Utilizing coated or treating electrode connecting or positioning means (e.g., coating, cooling, etc.)

10
205/377

Utilizing membrane or diaphragm between electrodes

11
205/379

Utilizing nonmetal cell lining other than inorganic carbon or graphite

25
205/378

Utilizing spacer between electrodes

23
205/392

Utilizing specific method or means to feed or replenish electrolyte or bath material

78
205/374

Utilizing specified current distributing means or method other than wire connecting means

43
205/375

Utilizing specified distance between cathode and anode

30
205/380

Utilizing specified electrode other than consumable electrode (e.g., cylindrical, tapered, etc.)

53
205/383

Bipolar electrode

25
205/384

Coated electrode

76
205/381

Inclined electrode (not horizontal or vertical)

31
205/382

Liquid electrode

14
205/385

Specified electrode composition other than consumable inorganic carbon or graphite

53
205/386

Nonconsumable electrode having inorganic carbon or graphite and a nonmetal containing material (e.g., cermet, etc.)

57
205/387

Nonmetal containing (e.g., metal oxide, carbide, etc.)

81
205/396

Utilizing specified process step to maintain bath temperature

35
205/370

Iron, cobalt, nickel, or manganese

21
205/369

Lead, zinc, or cadmium

44
205/368

Rare earth metal (at. no. 21, 39 or 57-71)

29
205/397

Titanium, zirconium, or hafnium (ti, zr, or hf)

29
205/398

Titanium

25
205/401

Bath contains metal oxide or fluorine containing compound

16
205/400

Utilizing diaphragm or barrier between anode and cathode

23
205/399

Utilizing specified electrode structure or anode alloy composition

18
205/371

Vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, or tungsten (v, nb, ta, cr, mo, or w)

24
205/339

Utilizing magnet or magnetic field during synthesis

28
205/345

Utilizing plural distinct electrolytic cells where the cells are separate containers

52
205/347

Identical plural distinct cells

74
205/346

Including decomposing or purifying cell

20
205/338

Utilizing subatmospheric or superatmospheric pressure during synthesis

55
205/799

Miscellaneous electrolysis

47
205/50

Product produced by electrolysis involving electrolytic marking, battery electrode active material forming, electroforming, or electrolytic coating

303
205/916

Sequential electrolytic and nonelectrolytic, or nonelectrolytic and electrolytic coating from the same bath

9
205/923

Solar collector or absorber

36
205/51

Superconductor preparation involving electrolytic marking, electroforming or electrolytic coating, or composition therefor

36
205/917

Treatment of workpiece between coating steps

130
205/918

Use of wave energy or electrical discharge during pretreatment of substrate or post-treatment of coating

23
205/57

Utilizing electrolysis to form battery electrode active material or composition therefor

57
205/62

Cadmium-containing active material

18
205/59

Group ia metal-containing active material (e.g., li, na, k, etc.)

44
205/66

Iron- or tin-containing active material

9
205/63

Lead-containing active material

37
205/60

Nickel-containing active material

35
205/61

Cadmium-containing

4
205/58

Organic active material other than organic metal salt

16
205/65

Silver-containing active material

11
205/64

Zinc-containing active material

11
205/919

Waterproofing

0
 
 
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