Resources Contact Us Home
Browse by: INVENTOR PATENT HOLDER PATENT NUMBER DATE
 
 
Browse by Category: Main > Transportation & Automotive
Class Information
Number: 188
Name: Brakes >
Description: This class includes means for retarding the motion of or stopping machines, including vehicles, both rail and road, and shafts, wheels, pulleys, or other moving mechanisms, by friction, by positive engagement of elements, or by the internal resistance of a fluid or a field of force. Citations from other classes indicating the limits of this class will be found under the various subclass definitions.










Class Number Class Name No. of Patents
 

Elements

 
188/219.1

Beams or beam assemblies

38
188/233.7

H, i, l, t, u, v, or x cross section beam

4
188/225.6

Trussed beam

7
188/228.6

H, i, l, t, u, v, or x cross section compression member

6
188/226.1

Integral tension and compression member

9
188/228.1

Tubular compression member

5
188/229.1

With strut-type fulcrum

6
188/229.6

Reversible

3
188/222.1

With fixed head or thrust block

1
188/222.6

Integral head and beam

4
188/223.1

Trussed beam

5
188/223.6

Head or block held by tension element

0
188/224.1

Tension adjusted by terminal nut

0
188/231

With fulcrum

4
188/232

Reversible

3
188/233

Spaced

0
188/233.3

With guides and/or guards

15
188/219.6

With movable, reversible or adjustable heads

4
188/220.1

Pivoted head

9
188/220.6

Lockingly adjustable

3
188/221.1

Yieldably readjustable

2
188/218R

Brake wheels

115
188/218XL

Disk type

615
188/218A

Dust guard

131
188/264R

Cooling and lubricating

90
188/264A

Air-cooled, axially engaging

141
188/264AA

Auto wheel type

141
188/264CC

Contained coolant

34
188/264W

External wheel covers

7
188/264G

Insulators

98
188/264D

Liquid cool

97
188/264B

Lubrication

57
188/264F

Operating fluid cooling

54
188/264E

Wet friction surface and internal resistance

93
188/264P

With pump

49
188/265

Locks

251
188/234

Shoe fasteners

44
188/237

Combined wheel guards

1
188/249

Flexible shoes

23
188/236

Heads

5
188/242

Interlocking heads and shoes

14
188/246

Clamps

3
188/244

Longitudinal insertion

15
188/243

Longitudinal key

11
188/245

Side insertion

9
188/235

Locomotive type

5
188/238

Multiple shoes

4
188/240

Linear arrangement

2
188/241

Frangible connection

2
188/239

Superposed

2
188/247

Shoe-back lugs

7
188/248

Cast in

2
188/250R

Shoes

48
188/250F

Anchor and operator fittings

38
188/260

Chills

1
188/251R

Composite

86
188/255

Cast metal matrix

10
188/258

Backs

22
188/257

Faces

3
188/256

Nonmetallic inserts

7
188/252

Flanged

7
188/253

Recessed

4
188/259

Flexible

53
188/251A

Materials

275
188/251M

Metallic surfaces

113
188/254

Shells

1
188/250C

Multiple web

22
188/250H

One-piece

20
188/261

Recessed

8
188/262

Rotary

6
188/250B

Shoe construction

256
188/250E

Slotted shoes and vibration dampers

110
188/250G

Surfaces and fasteners

214
188/250A

Transversely expandable

19
188/250D

Web and flange connections

33
188/381

Frictional vibration damper

139
188/DIG.2

Hill holder

44
188/378

Inertia of damping mass dissipates motion (e.g., vibration damper)

435
188/379

Resiliently supported damping mass

253
188/380

Supported by mechanical spring

191
188/266

Internal-resistance motion retarder

68
188/272

Combined with mechanism retarded by brake

27
188/273

Restricting exhaust from engine

61
188/271

Combined with surface-friction brake

71
188/299.1

Controlled by an operator (e.g., vehicle driver) remote from retarder

74
188/322.19

Cylinder structure

214
188/322.2

Having connection for side-mounted valve type

65
188/322.21

Having means for filling or recharging

91
188/267.1

Electroviscous or electrorheological fluid

160
188/297

Having a thrust member with a variable volume chamber (e.g., coaxial or telescoping tubes, compensating reservoir)

97
188/306

Arcuately oscillating thrust member

62
188/308

Causing fluid flow through hub of thrust

9
188/309

With manually adjusted valve in hub

5
188/307

Resilient or radially urged vane

38
188/310

With means for manually adjusting fluid flow

29
188/301

Causing air suction in chamber

7
188/316

Fluid through or around piston within chamber

99
188/317

Via fixed or variable orifice in piston

204
188/318

And passage venting fluid external to chamber

198
188/319.1

Having an orifice adjustment for both jounce or bound (compression) and rebound

75
188/319.2

Orifice size varied using a hand or hand tool

69
188/320

Tortuous path orifice

48
188/298

Forming flexible wall enclosure for fluid

136
188/312

Having piston rod extending through ends of chamber

98
188/302

Rectilinear reciprocation of piston caused by arcuately oscillating frame, shaft, arm, axle, etc.

10
188/304

Dual pistons

18
188/305

Piston reciprocating along axis of oscillation

9
188/303

Pistons reciprocating oppositely in nonaligned cylinders

19
188/313

With valve controlling fluid flow between chambers or compartments of the chamber

148
188/314

With reservoir for fluid

227
188/315

Annular reservoir

294
188/321.11

Including means connecting thrust member to load

156
188/322.12

Including protective shield for retarder

87
188/322.16

Including seal or guide

87
188/322.18

Between piston and cylinder

71
188/322.17

Between piston rod and cylinder

235
188/267.2

Magnetic fluid or material (e.g., powder)

212
188/266.1

Motion damped from condition (e.g., bump, speed change) detected outside of retarder

83
188/266.2

Condition actuates valve or regulator

123
188/266.5

Of the pulsating or reciprocating type

116
188/266.6

Side mounted

106
188/266.3

Of the rotary type

42
188/266.4

Having plural openings

75
188/270

Operating against ambient atmosphere

17
188/266.7

Piezoelectric

43
188/283

Piston having a restrictable opening (e.g., apertured plate) in a fixed volume chamber

23
188/283.1

Vortex flow passages

9
188/284

Position of thrust member relative to chamber

119
188/285

Having a fluid flow passage adjusted manually (e.g., threaded plug, threaded rod, gearing)

132
188/286

Having aperture in chamber wall

45
188/287

Plural, successively encountered apertures

92
188/288

Having varying area of chamber passageway for thrust member

51
188/289

Having varying area of metering rod extending through orifice in thrust member

56
188/280

Relative speed of thrust member or fluid flow

140
188/281

Resistance alters relative to direction of thrust member (e.g., high resistance in one direction, low in the other)

77
188/282.1

Via valved orifice in thrust member

114
188/282.7

Ball-type valve

25
188/282.5

Flexible flap-type valve (e.g., compression washers)

119
188/282.6

Having flow passage, cutout, aperture, slot, etc.

97
188/282.8

Spring-loaded valve

99
188/282.9

Adjusting the tension via (a) compressing or expanding or (b) different strength springs

31
188/282.2

Valve actuated by electrical system

67
188/282.4

System having distinct selections (e.g., hard, medium, soft)

77
188/282.3

System initiated by a pressure change or feedback

52
188/322.22

Thrust member or piston structure

233
188/290

Using a rotary-type fluid damper

282
188/296

Driving radial vanes which cause toroidal flow of brake fluid

121
188/293

Driving relatively moving element which causes flow of brake fluid

48
188/295

Comprising rectilinearly reciprocating piston

17
188/294

With means for regulating movement of element

47
188/292

Gear pump

16
188/291

Including clutch

37
188/269

Using diverse fluids

122
188/267

Using magnetic flux

326
188/322.5

Using viscosity of fluid medium

114
188/268

Using yieldable or fluent solid or semisolid

229
188/322.13

Valve structure or location

190
188/322.14

Foot valve

148
188/322.15

Piston valve detail (e.g., seat design, structural arrangement, metering element)

452
188/266.8

With failure or malfunction detection

41
188/275

With fluid regulated in response to inertia of valve member

80
188/274

With heat exchanger

44
188/276

With means compensating for change in temperature or viscosity

68
188/277

Thermostatic valve type

35
188/278

Manually adjustable

11
188/300

With means for locking parts together temporarily

223
188/382

Miscellaneous

59
 

Operators

 
188/110

Automatic

21
188/134

Differential movement

130
188/135

Momentum

12
188/137

Electric control

11
188/138

Vehicle

20
188/139

Gravity control

17
188/140R

Vehicle

4
188/142

Draft control

7
188/141

Fluid-pressure control

9
188/144

Railway

3
188/147

Train

0
188/149

Drawbar

0
188/150

Speed-responsive

2
188/148

Push rod

2
188/145

Winding

0
188/146

Axle

0
188/140A

Servo brake

5
188/143

Wheel and ground

0
188/136

Wedging shoe

31
 

Vehicle

 
 

Auxiliary mechanism on tongue

 
188/117

Front wheel

1
188/118

Divided beam

0
188/115

Rear wheel

0
188/116

Divided beam

1
188/113

Four-wheel

2
188/132

Horse pull

3
188/114

Hub

4
 

Movable tongue

 
188/122

Front wheel

0
188/123

Divided beam

0
188/120

Rear wheel

0
188/121

Divided beam

0
188/119

Rising and falling

8
 

Railway

 
188/127

Strain release

0
188/124

Train

2
188/125

Drawbar

0
188/126

Speed-responsive

0
188/129

Rise and fall

75
188/130

Rotary

37
188/128

Sled

2
188/112R

Train

137
188/112A

Anti-sway control

37
188/111

Trips

23
188/131

Turning

0
188/156

Electric and mechanical

308
188/157

Electric motor on staff

32
188/158

Electric

232
188/159

Dynamic

43
188/160

Additional current

4
188/161

Electromagnet

188
188/164

Magnetic circuit

138
188/165

Rail-engaging

41
188/162

Rotary motor

265
188/163

Solenoid

63
188/155

Fluid current

6
188/151R

Fluid pressure

38
188/154

Exhaust of propelling motor

7
188/153R

Rail vehicle

68
188/153D

Diaphragm

19
188/153A

Rim grip type

8
188/152

Road vehicle

47
188/344

Velocipede

178
188/361

Wheel brake operating assembly

14
188/366

Arcuate or annular motor

53
188/367

Axially acting

21
188/368

Axially acting motor

9
188/365

Radially acting motor

10
188/369

With axially movable brake member

15
188/370

Spot type

123
188/362

With transversely movable internal brake

8
188/363

Motor between shoe ends

13
188/364

Dual opposed piston motor

35
188/352

With bleeding or filling device

149
188/346

With friction drag response

18
188/349

With front rear brake apportioner

228
188/351

With hydraulic automatic slack adjuster

17
188/353

With hydraulic lock

84
188/347

With hydraulic quick-slack-take-up pulsator

21
188/354

With independent wheel control

20
188/345

With multiple master cylinders

96
188/355

With nonmanual fluid-power source

10
188/360

And manual

9
188/358

Liquid power

115
188/359

And manual

37
188/356

Vacuum power

93
188/357

And manual

22
188/348

With power quick-slack-take-up

11
188/350

With steering gear control

9
188/151A

Safety devices

89
188/105

Multiple

9
188/106R

Vehicle

30
188/106F

Fluid and mechanical

164
188/106A

Inside wheel

83
188/106P

Plural systems

140
188/107

Railway

59
188/109

Seat

25
 

Speed-responsive

 
188/180

Regulators

59
188/187

Axially moving

39
188/182

Fluid and electric control

4
188/188

Strand-engaging

46
188/186

Transversely contracting

12
188/184

Transversely expanding

54
188/185

Radial

67
188/181R

Vehicle

120
188/181A

Acceleration responsive

193
188/181C

Comparative

113
188/181T

Torque-responsive

96
188/189

Stops

48
188/166

Spring

122
188/171

Electric release

241
188/173

Vehicle

28
188/170

Fluid-pressure release

411
188/167

Vehicle

34
188/168

Draft release

1
188/169

Wagon

0
188/108

Vehicle step

0
188/174

Weight

9
188/175

Draft control

3
188/179

Float

1
188/176

Vehicle body

5
188/177

Inclined

8
188/178

Longitudinally movable

2
188/DIG.1

Panic braking

128
188/371

Plastic deformation or breakage of retarder element (e.g., impact absorber)

329
188/372

And subsequent reverse deformation

49
188/377

Crushable element

279
188/374

Element extruded through or around tool

98
188/375

Element severed by cutting tool

25
188/373

Element twisted

8
188/376

Frangible element

117
 

Position adjusters

 
188/217

Brake-thrust distributors

25
188/204R

Equalizers

17
188/204A

For strap brakes

2
188/195

Load

152
188/216

Release mechanism

100
188/196R

Slack

79
188/196C

Combined

14
188/196A

Fluid

37
188/196D

Frictional rotation

160
188/196P

Friction

123
188/196M

Manual

84
188/197

Railway car

21
188/198

Automatic

38
188/199

Friction clutch

16
188/200

Ratchet bar

10
188/202

Screw

45
188/203

Fluid-operated

31
188/201

Shims

3
188/196B

Ratchet

73
188/196BA

Rotatable

237
188/196V

Screw, shim or cam

100
188/196F

Torsional spring

40
188/205R

Supports

49
188/205A

Antirattler

53
188/206R

Brake element

63
188/206A

Anchor

38
188/207

Beam

15
188/209

Brackets

11
188/211

Locks

2
188/212

Parallel motion

7
188/213

Multiple-point support

2
188/208

Road vehicle

2
188/210

Safety

12
188/214

Wear compensation

4
188/215

Brake shoes

5
188/190

Vehicle body movement

5
188/191

Radius rod

1
188/192

Turning

3
188/194

Pivoted wheel

1
188/193

Railway

0
188/DIG.3

Progressive braking

0
188/67

Rod

392
188/65.1

Strand

153
188/65.3

Plural brakes

26
188/65.4

Tortuous grip

69
188/65.5

Adjustable

35
188/65.2

With attaching means

65
188/1.12

To retard rolling of caster

198
188/2R

Vehicle

67
188/2D

Bowdin wire-operated

341
188/2A

Braking torque regulators

7
188/19

Cart

140
188/20

Children's carriages

85
188/28

Clasp

15
188/5

Ground-engaging

235
188/7

Anchors

16
188/8

Sled

30
188/6

Sprag

26
188/17

Hub or disk

64
188/18R

Motor vehicle

48
188/18A

Disc brakes

382
188/16

Independent wheel

26
188/32

On ground

235
188/30

One-way

19
188/31

Positive lock

192
188/33

Railway

74
188/56

Clasp

9
188/47

Connected trucks

11
188/58

Disk on axle

23
188/59

Side shoes

52
188/46

Equalizing series

0
188/49

Four wheel opposing

1
188/51

Divided beam

0
188/50

Open center

1
188/52

Four wheel spreading

67
188/53

Divided beam

7
188/54

Locomotive type

2
188/55

Mine car type

1
188/48

Maximum traction type

1
188/62

On track

58
188/63

Catchers

8
188/61

One-way

3
188/60

Positive lock

14
188/41

Rail

32
188/42

Carrier type

14
188/43

Grippers

54
188/44

Automatic

23
188/45

Wheel clamps

0
188/57

Top shoes

5
188/38

Track

16
188/38.5

Plural abutments selectively engageable by vehicle-carried means, e.g., car spotter

5
188/39

Rotary shoe

0
188/40

Slot

4
188/34

Train

22
188/35

Wheel and rail

5
188/36

Chock

44
188/37

Roller shoe

2
188/29

Top shoes

118
188/3R

Train

79
188/3H

Fluid pressure vehicle

46
188/21

Truck

26
188/22

Two-wheel

27
188/23

Ground-engaging

5
188/24.11

Velocipede (e.g., bicycle, etc.)

140
188/26

Hub or disk

172
188/24.12

Including mechanism for opposed gripping of wheel rim or tire

171
188/24.17

Actuation controlled by back-pedalling

24
188/24.21

Having center-pull, cable-type actuator for mechanism

107
188/24.19

Having means to adjust spacing between brake component and wheel rim or tire

112
188/24.14

Having means to increase braking force (e.g., self-energizing brake, etc.)

33
188/24.16

Plural brakes having common actuator

41
188/24.15

Variable leverage actuator

27
188/24.22

Specific actuator element structure

225
188/24.13

Wheel rim configured to cooperate with components

16
188/24.18

With means to lock brake in actuated position

24
188/27

Pivoted wheel

1
188/25

Roller

11
188/9

Wagon

4
188/11

Divided beam

3
188/10

Four-wheel

5
188/14

Hayrack type

0
188/15

Retreating shoe

2
188/12

Running gear support

1
188/13

Divided beam

0
188/4R

Wheel and ground

82
188/4B

Rotary brake member

41
188/2F

Wheelchair brakes

139
188/64

Wheel and strand

8
 

Wheel

 
188/70R

Axially and transversely movable

58
188/70B

Self-energizing

27
188/71.1

Axially movable brake element or housing therefor

221
188/71.3

Antipodal, relatively separable brake elements

25
188/71.4

Annular elements

80
188/71.5

Plural rotating elements (e.g., "multidisc")

358
188/73.31

Retainer for brake element

189
188/73.35

Having actuator and means to prevent vibration thereof

83
188/73.36

Including means to prevent vibration of brake element

99
188/73.47

Having closed loop type housing

63
188/73.32

Having means to facilitate changing brake element

121
188/73.33

By manipulation of brake actuator

18
188/73.34

Pivotable actuator

62
188/73.37

Having means to prevent vibration of brake element

165
188/73.38

Spring

243
188/73.46

Including actuator fixed on torque member

34
188/73.41

Including actuator pivotable in plane parallel to axis of rotation of wheel

12
188/73.42

And slidable in that plane

17
188/73.43

Including actuator slidable in plane parallel to axis of rotation of wheel

67
188/73.44

On axially extending pin

108
188/73.45

Plural pins

262
188/73.39

Including torque member supporting brake element

164
188/73.1

Structure of brake element

285
188/73.2

Circumferential or circumferentially spaced

110
188/71.2

With clutch between load and brake assemblage

44
188/72.1

With means for actuating brake element

232
188/72.3

And means for retracting brake element

243
188/72.4

By fluid pressure piston

314
188/72.6

And/or mechanical linkage

158
188/72.5

Piston for each of plural elements

101
188/72.7

By inclined surface (e.g., wedge, cam or screw)

350
188/72.8

Screw or helical cam

244
188/72.9

By pivoted lever

269
188/72.2

Self-force-increasing means

129
188/71.6

With means for cooling brake

258
188/71.7

With means to adjust for wear of brake

107
188/71.8

Self-adjusting means

240
188/71.9

Including unidirectionally rotating screw

269
188/83

Continuous

153
188/84

Fixed brake

16
188/68

Frictional and positive

42
188/85

Intermittent

25
188/82.1

One-way brakes

64
188/82.9

Axially moving

28
188/82.6

Biased flexible band

29
188/82.5

Combined or plural diverse types

6
188/82.8

Dragged wedging member

54
188/82.84

Rolling

127
188/82.7

Pivoting or flexing detent (e.g., pawl)

61
188/82.74

Axially moving

11
188/82.77

On rotating member

39
188/82.2

Reversible

41
188/82.3

With disabler

68
188/82.34

Integral with engager

15
188/82.4

With hold out

25
188/69

Positive lock

140
188/80

Rotary shoes

21
188/74

Transversely movable

130
188/78

Expanding

79
188/341

Anchor

71
188/336

Continuous split band

18
188/337

Anchored intermediate ends

3
188/338

Rotary cam operatively abutting band ends

3
188/339

Rotary cam operatively abutting band ends

4
188/340

Lateral guide for shoe

44
188/79

Multiple sets

6
188/335

Radially guided shoe

14
188/342

Self-energizing

12
188/323

Three shoes

7
188/324

Rotary cam operatively abutting shoe ends

2
188/325

Two shoes

103
188/331

Adjacent ends operatively connected and not anchored to support

51
188/333

One end anchored

6
188/332

Rotary cam abutting shoe ends

15
188/327

Anchors adjacent unoperated ends

15
188/328

Common anchor pivot or abutment

72
188/329

Rotary cam abutting shoe ends

42
188/330

Rotary cam abutting shoe ends

39
188/334

Anchors at alternate ends

11
188/326

Operators at both ends of each shoe

28
188/343

Wedge operator

56
188/79.51

Having wear take up or compensating structure

70
188/79.55

Actuated by brake operating lever

117
188/79.54

Actuated in conjunction with other braking element

77
188/79.53

Feeler actuated

4
188/79.56

Having separate adjustment actuator mechanism

44
188/79.62

Located on or in an operator

52
188/79.57

Manually operated

9
188/79.58

Brake operator length adjusted

6
188/79.59

Mounted between shoe and a support member

2
188/79.61

Causes direct, simultaneous adjustment of plural shoes

11
188/79.63

Mounted between shoe and a support member

23
188/79.64

Between plural supporting shoes

23
188/79.52

Temperature responsive

41
188/75

Opposing

57
188/76

Rim grip

30
188/77R

Strap

159
188/77W

Wrap band type

128
188/1.11R

With condition indicator

273
188/1.11E

Electrical

247
188/1.11W

Wear

201
188/1.11L

Electrical

223
 
 
  Recently Added Patents
Reflective mask blank and method of manufacturing a reflective mask
Carrier or transport strip
Method and apparatus for performing real time anomaly detection
Stacked thin-film superlattice thermoelectric devices
Transmission device
Query processing with specialized query operators
Methods and arrangements for realising betting with off-line terminal
  Randomly Featured Patents
Underwater defense system
Image sensor sensitivity variation compensator
Method of preparing bovine colostrum for use in treating livestock
Method and apparatus for detecting motion of an apparatus and for controlling the operations of the apparatus in accordance with the detected motion
Method and apparatus for measuring bit shift
Device for locking a nut on a bolt
Apparatus and method for compressing image data
Method and apparatus for flash welding
Decapeptides produced from bioadhesive polyphenolic proteins
Control circuits operating with pulse-width modulated signals